twin20180904_def14a.htm

 

SCHEDULE 14A INFORMATION

 

Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Filed by the Registrant [ x ]

 

Filed by a Party Other than the Registrant [   ]

 

Check the appropriate box:

 

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Preliminary Proxy Statement

[    ]

Confidential, for Use of the Commission Only (as permitted by Rule 14a-6(e)(2))

[ x ]

Definitive Proxy Statement

[    ]

Definitive Additional Materials

[    ] Soliciting Material Pursuant to Section 240.14a-2.

 

Twin Disc, Incorporated

(Name of Registrant as Specified In Its Charter)

 

____________________________________________

(Name of Person(s) Filing Proxy Statement if other than the Registrant)

 

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[ x ] No fee required.

 

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[    ] Fee paid previously with preliminary materials.

 

[    ] Check box if any part of the fee is offset as proved by Exchange Act Rule 0-11(a)(2) and identify the filing for which the offsetting fee was paid previously. Identify the previous filing by registration statement number, or the Form or Schedule and the date of its filing.

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TWIN DISC, INCORPORATED

 

  

1328 Racine Street, Racine, Wisconsin 53403

 

NOTICE OF ANNUAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS – OCTOBER 25, 2018

 

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN TO THE SHAREHOLDERS OF TWIN DISC, INCORPORATED

 

The Annual Meeting of Shareholders of Twin Disc, Incorporated, a Wisconsin corporation (the “Corporation”), will be held at 2:00 P.M. (Central Time) on Thursday, October 25, 2018, at the Corporate Offices, 1328 Racine Street, Racine, Wisconsin 53403 (the “Annual Meeting”) for the following purposes:

 

1. To elect three Directors to serve until the Annual Meeting of Shareholders in 2021.

 

2. To consider an advisory vote to approve the compensation of the Corporation’s Named Executive Officers.

 

3. To ratify the appointment of RSM US LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as our independent auditors for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2019.

 

4. To approve the Twin Disc, Incorporated 2018 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan.

 

5. To transact any other business that may properly come before the Annual Meeting.

 

Only holders of record of shares of common stock of the Corporation at the close of business on August 23, 2018, shall be entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting.

 

A proxy appointment card and our proxy statement are enclosed with this notice. The proxy card shows the form in which your shares are registered and affords you the opportunity to direct the voting of those shares, even if you are unable to attend the Annual Meeting in person. Please review these proxy materials and follow the applicable instructions.

  /s/ Jeffrey S. Knutson
  Secretary

 

Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the Shareholder Meeting to be Held on October 25, 2018

 

Our proxy materials, including the Proxy Statement and 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K, are available over the internet at http://ir.twindisc.com/proxy, and most of our stockholders will receive only a notice (“Notice”) containing instructions on how to access the proxy materials over the internet and vote online. If you receive this Notice but would still like to receive paper copies of the proxy materials, please follow the instructions on the Notice or on the website referred to on the Notice.

 

YOUR VOTE IS IMPORTANT! WHETHER OR NOT YOU PLAN TO ATTEND THE ANNUAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS IN PERSON, WE ASK YOU TO PLEASE TAKE ADVANTAGE OF ONE OF THE THREE OPTIONS YOU HAVE FOR VOTING YOUR SHARES: (1) YOU MAY SIGN AND RETURN YOUR PROXY APPOINTMENT IN THE ENCLOSED ENVELOPE; (2) YOU MAY DIRECT YOUR VOTE VIA THE INTERNET; OR (3) YOU MAY DIRECT YOUR VOTE BY TELEPHONE. THE APPLICABLE INSTRUCTIONS AND DEADLINES FOR EACH OPTION ARE STATED ON THE PROXY CARD AND IN THE PROXY STATEMENT. IF YOUR PROXY APPOINTMENT / VOTING INSTRUCTIONS ARE NOT RECEIVED BEFORE THE APPLICABLE DEADLINE, THE PROXY WILL BE RULED INVALID. AFTER SUBMITTING YOUR VOTING INSTRUCTIONS, SHOULD YOU FIND IT CONVENIENT TO ATTEND THE MEETING, YOU MAY REVOKE YOUR PRIOR INSTRUCTIONS AND VOTE IN PERSON.

 

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2018 Proxy Statement

TWIN DISC, INCORPORATED

September 13, 2018

 

DATE, TIME AND PLACE OF MEETING

 

This proxy statement is furnished in connection with the solicitation by the Board of Directors of the Corporation of proxies for use at the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held at 2:00 P.M. (Central Time), at the Corporate Offices, 1328 Racine Street, Racine, Wisconsin 53403 on Thursday, October 25, 2018, or any adjournment thereof. Holders of common stock of record at the close of business on August 23, 2018, are entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting and each shareholder shall have one vote for each share of common stock registered in the shareholder’s name. Shares represented by a signed proxy appointment or electronic proxy vote will be voted in the manner specified in the form of proxy or, if no specification is made, in a manner consistent with the Board of Directors’ recommendation for each of the proposals mentioned therein. The presence of a majority of the outstanding shares of common stock of the Corporation, either in person or represented by a signed proxy appointment or electronic proxy vote, will constitute a quorum at the Annual Meeting. The Corporation intends to first send this proxy statement to shareholders on or about September 13, 2018.

 

PROXY APPOINTMENT AND REVOCATION

 

Shareholders may vote by delivery, either in person, by mail or by messenger, of the enclosed proxy appointment form. Appointment forms must be received by the Secretary not less than 48 hours prior to the date of the Annual Meeting. The proxy appointment form must be signed in handwriting. The signature must be sufficiently legible to allow the inspector to distinguish it as representing the name of the registered shareholder, or must be accompanied by a rubber stamp facsimile or hand-printed name, including the shareholder’s surname and either the shareholder’s first or middle name as represented on the corporate records and any titles, offices or words indicating agency which appear in the corporate records. PROXY APPOINTMENT FORMS NOT MEETING THE ABOVE REQUIREMENTS WILL BE RULED INVALID.

 

Shareholders may also vote via the Internet by accessing www.investorvote.com/twin or by telephone at 1-800-652-8683. The telephone and Internet voting procedures are designed to authenticate the shareholder’s identity, to allow the shareholder to give voting instructions and to confirm that such instructions have been properly recorded. Shareholders may vote via the Internet or by telephone up to 11:59 PM Eastern Time on Wednesday, October 24, 2018. Shareholders that vote via the Internet should understand that there might be costs associated with electronic access that they must bear, such as usage charges from Internet access providers and telecommunications companies.

 

The person giving the proxy may revoke it before it is exercised, either in person, by mail or by messenger, by submitting a later dated proxy appointment form to the Secretary at least 48 hours prior to the date of the Annual Meeting. If the proxy was voted via the Internet or by telephone, the person may revoke the proxy by entering a new vote via the Internet or telephone prior to the time that Internet and telephone voting closes. The person giving the proxy may also revoke it by openly stating the revocation at the Annual Meeting, by voting at the Annual Meeting in person, or by delivering a signed written statement revoking the proxy to the Secretary prior to the date of the Annual Meeting. ANY ATTEMPTED REVOCATIONS NOT MEETING THE ABOVE REQUIREMENTS WILL BE RULED INVALID.

 

RECORD DATE

 

The record date with respect to this solicitation is August 23, 2018. On that date, there were outstanding 11,534,978 shares of common stock of the Corporation entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting. There also are 200,000 shares of no-par preferred stock authorized, of which 150,000 shares have been designated Series A Junior Preferred Stock, but none are outstanding.

 

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SHAREHOLDER PROPOSALS FOR 2019

 

If a shareholder wishes to present a proposal for consideration for inclusion in the Notice of the Meeting and Proxy Statement for the 2019 Annual Meeting of Shareholders, the proposal must be received at the Corporation’s principal executive offices no later than May 16, 2019. Shareholder proposals received later than July 15, 2019 will be considered untimely, and will not be considered at the Corporation’s 2019 Annual Meeting. Any such proposal must comply with the requirements of Section (14)(a) of the Corporation’s Restated Bylaws.

 

If a shareholder wishes to nominate a person for election to the Board of Directors of the Corporation, such nomination shall be made pursuant to timely notice in writing to the Secretary of the Corporation. To be timely for the 2019 Annual Meeting, such notice must be delivered to or mailed and received at the principal executive offices of the Corporation no later than July 15, 2019. Any such notice must comply with the requirements of Section (14)(b) of the Corporation’s Restated Bylaws.

 

PERSONS MAKING THE SOLICITATION

 

The proxy is being solicited by the Corporation’s Board of Directors and will be voted in favor of the Directors’ recommendations on each and all matters properly brought before the Annual Meeting, unless the undersigned shareholder specifically instructs the holder or holders of the proxy to the contrary.

 

VOTES REQUIRED FOR PROPOSALS AND HOW VOTES WILL BE COUNTED

 

With respect to the election of Directors (Proposal No. 1), votes may be cast in favor or withheld. Votes that are withheld will have no legal effect and will not be counted as votes cast in the election of Directors. Assuming a quorum is present, Directors shall be elected by a plurality of votes cast by the shares entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting (i.e., the individuals with the largest number of votes cast in favor of their election will be elected as Directors, up to the maximum number of Directors to be chosen in the election). In the event two (2) or more persons tie for the last vacancy to be filled, a run-off vote shall be taken from among the candidates receiving the tie vote. Broker non-votes, as defined below, will be counted for purposes of determining a quorum, but will not be counted as votes cast in the election of Directors.

 

With respect to the advisory vote on the compensation of the Corporation’s Named Executive Officers (Proposal No. 2), votes may be cast “For” or “Against” the resolution. Votes “For” must exceed votes “Against” in order for the resolution on compensation of the Named Executive Officers to be considered approved by the shareholders. This vote is not binding on the Corporation. The Compensation and Executive Development Committee of the Board of Directors will take the results of the vote into consideration in addressing future compensation policies and practices.

 

With respect to the ratification of the appointment of independent auditors (Proposal No. 3), votes may be cast “For” or “Against.” The appointment will be ratified if a majority of the shares present and entitled to vote on the matter are voted “For” ratification. If the appointment of the independent auditors is not ratified, the Audit Committee will reconsider such appointment.

 

With respect to the approval of the Twin Disc, Incorporated 2018 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan (the “Plan”) (Proposal No. 4), votes may be cast “For” or “Against.” The affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast at the annual meeting (assuming a quorum is present) shall be required for the approval of the Plan. Broker non-votes, as defined below, will not count as votes cast in connection with this proposal, and will have no effect on the outcome of the approval of the Plan.

 

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Brokers who hold shares in street name for customers are not permitted to vote on certain matters without specific instructions from the beneficial owners of the shares. A “broker non-vote” occurs on an item submitted for shareholder approval when the broker does not have the authority to vote on the item in the absence of instructions from the beneficial owner and the broker does not in fact receive such instructions. A broker non-vote is treated as “present” for purposes of determining a quorum, has the effect of a vote against a particular proposal when a majority of the issued and outstanding shares is required for approval of the proposal, and has no effect when a majority of the shares present in person or by proxy and entitled to vote or a plurality or majority of the votes cast is required for approval.

 

Brokers and other nominees may vote on the ratification of the appointment of RSM US LLP as our independent auditors for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2019 (Proposal No. 3) without specific instructions from beneficial owners. Therefore, no broker non-votes are expected to exist in connection with this proposal. However, brokers or other nominees may not vote on the election of Directors (Proposal No. 1), on the advisory vote on Named Executive Officer compensation (Proposal No. 2) or the approval of the Twin Disc, Incorporated 2018 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan (Proposal No. 4) without specific instructions from the beneficial owners of the shares. Therefore, an undetermined number of broker non-votes may occur on Proposals No. 1, 2 and 4.

 

PRINCIPAL SHAREHOLDERS, DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

 

PRINCIPAL SHAREHOLDERS

 

Based upon the records of the Corporation, filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission as of August 20, 2018 and additional information obtained by the Corporation, the following table sets forth the persons or group of persons having beneficial ownership (as defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission) of more than 5% of the issued and outstanding common stock of the Corporation.

 

           

Nature of

                 
           

Beneficial

   

Amount

   

Percent of

 

Name

   

Address

   

Ownership

   

Owned

   

Class

 
                               

John H. Batten

   

704 Waters Edge Rd.

   

Power to vote

      2,412,647   (1)     20.9 %
     

Racine, WI

   

Beneficial

      183,845       1.6 %
                               

GAMCO Investors, Inc.

   

One Corporate Center

   

Power to vote &

      2,220,280   (2)     19.2 %
     

Rye, NY

   

dispose of stock

                 
                               

Juniper Investments

   

555 Madison Avenue

   

Power to vote &

      672,894       5.8 %

Company, LLC

   

New York, NY

   

dispose of stock

                 
                               

Dimensional Fund

Advisors, L.P.

   

6300 Bee Cave Road

Austin, TX

   

Power to vote &

dispose of stock

      607,251       5.3 %

 

 

(1) Held as trustee under various trusts and as guardian for non-immediate family member.

(2) Represents shares held by various entities which are directly or indirectly controlled by Mario J. Gabelli and for which he acts as chief investment officer.

 

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DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

 

Based upon the records of the Corporation, filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission as of August 20, 2018 and additional information obtained by the Corporation, the following table sets forth the number of shares of common stock of the Corporation beneficially owned by each of the Directors of the Corporation, each of the executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table and the number of shares beneficially owned by all Directors and executive officers of the Corporation as a group.

 

Name of

Beneficial Owner

 

Amount and Nature

of Beneficial Ownership (1)

   

Percent of Class

 

John H. Batten

  2,596,492  (2)     22.5%    

Jeffrey S. Knutson

  49,035  (3)     *    

Malcolm F. Moore

  52,006  (4)     *    

Dean J. Bratel

  44,442  (5)     *    

Denise L. Wilcox

  32,067  (6)     *    

Donald J. Nelson

  6,881  (8)     *    

Michael Doar

  38,018  (7)     *    

Janet P. Giesselman

  8,865  (7)     *    

David W. Johnson

  10,534  (7)     *    

David B. Rayburn

  44,992  (7)     *    

Harold M. Stratton II

  37,718  (7)     *    

David R. Zimmer

  31,868  (7)     *    
                 

All Directors and Executive Officers as a group (13 persons)

  2,980,032  (7)     25.8%    

 

* Denotes ownership of less than one percent of shares outstanding.

 

(1) Shares listed include any shares owned by a spouse, minor children and immediate relatives who share the same household as a Director or officer. Inclusion of any such shares is not to be considered an admission of beneficial ownership.

(2) Includes 2,412,647 shares held by Mr. Batten as trustee under various family trusts and as guardian for non-immediate family member. Also includes restricted stock grants of 33,496 shares that vest in fiscal 2020, and 19,259 shares that vest in fiscal 2021.

(3) Includes restricted stock grants of 14,117 shares that vest in fiscal 2020, and 8,117 shares that vest in fiscal 2021.

(4) Includes restricted stock grants of 19,386 shares that vest in fiscal 2020.

(5) Includes restricted stock grants of 12,834 shares that vest in fiscal 2020 and 7,379 shares that vest in fiscal 2021.

(6) Includes restricted stock grants of 8,214 shares that vest in fiscal 2020 and 4,723 shares that vest in fiscal 2021.

(7) Shares subject to currently exercisable stock options included in the above are as follows: Mr. Doar 2,400, Mr. Rayburn 2,400, Mr. Stratton 2,400 and all Directors and executive officers as a group 7,200. Also included above are unvested restricted shares as follows: Mr. Doar 2,784, Ms. Giesselman 2,784, Mr. Johnson 2,784, Mr. Rayburn 2,784, Mr. Stratton 2,784 and Mr. Zimmer 2,784.

(8) Mr. Nelson ended his employment with the Company on March 16, 2018.

 

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PROPOSAL 1: ELECTION OF DIRECTORS

 

The Board of Directors has nominated the following persons to serve as Directors for the Corporation, each for a term to expire at the Annual Meeting of Shareholders following the fiscal year ending June 30, 2021, as indicated below. Shares of common stock represented by properly executed proxy appointments in the accompanying form or electronic proxy vote will be voted for the three nominees listed unless authority to do so is withheld.

 

 

Principal Occupation and Other

   

Name and

Public Company Directorships

 

Served as Director

Current Age

Held Within Past Five Years 

Skills and Qualifications

Continuously Since

       

CONTINUING DIRECTORS WHOSE TERMS EXPIRE IN 2018:

 
       

David B. Rayburn

Retired President and

As a former CEO of a public

July 2000

Age 70

Chief Executive Officer,

company, Mr. Rayburn has

 
 

Modine Manufacturing

experience and skill sets in

 
 

Company,

strategic planning, financial

 
 

Racine, Wisconsin

oversight, compensation policy

 
 

(A manufacturer of heat

and practices as well as

 
 

exchange equipment)

organizational structure. In

 
 

Also, Director Lindsay

addition, Mr. Rayburn’s

 
 

Corporation (a provider

background includes

 
 

of irrigation and water

international business, mergers

 
 

management systems).

and acquisitions, engineering and

 
   

manufacturing in an industry

 
   

related to the Corporation.

 
       

Janet P. Giesselman

Retired President and General

Ms. Giesselman is a retired senior

June 2015

Age 64

Manager of Dow Oil & Gas, a

executive of a global public

 
 

business unit of The Dow

company. Her background 

 
 

Chemical Company,

includes strategic planning,  

 
 

Midland, Michigan

financial oversight, sales,

 
 

Also, Director Ag Growth

marketing, start ups, mergers

 
 

International (A global provider

and acquisitions and global

 
 

of grain handling and storage

regulatory expertise. Ms.

 
 

equipment) and Director

Giesselman has extensive

 
 

Omnova Solutions (A global

international experience and a

 
 

provider of emulsion polymers,

broad background in the oil and

 
 

specialty chemicals and

gas and the agricultural sectors.

 
 

decorative and functional

   
 

surfaces).

   
       

David W. Johnson

Vice President and

Mr. Johnson is a sitting 

July 2016

Age 55

Chief Financial Officer,

CFO of a public company.

 
 

Johnson Outdoors, Inc., 

His strengths include 

 
 

Racine, Wisconsin 

financial leadership, new 

 
 

(A global provider of outdoor

business development, operational

 
 

recreation products).

restructuring , cost saving and

 
   

strategic analysis. 

 

 

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THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS RECOMMENDS THAT YOU VOTE IN FAVOR OF ELECTING THE NOMINEES LISTED ABOVE AS DIRECTORS. UNLESS YOU INDICATE OTHERWISE ON YOUR PROXY, YOUR SHARES WILL BE VOTED FOR THE ELECTION OF EACH OF THESE NOMINEES AS DIRECTORS.

 

The Directors whose terms are continuing, and the classes to which they have been elected, are set forth below. Each Director whose term is continuing was elected to his present term of office by a vote of shareholders at a meeting for which proxies were solicited.

 

 

Principal Occupation and Other

   

Name and

Public Company Directorships

 

Served as Director

Current Age

Held Within Past Five Years 

Skills and Qualifications

Continuously Since

       

CONTINUING DIRECTORS WHOSE TERMS EXPIRE IN 2019:

       

John H. Batten

President and

Mr. Batten is a sitting

December 2002

Age 53

Chief Executive Officer,

President and CEO of a

 
 

Twin Disc, Incorporated

public company. His skill sets

 
 

since July 2013;

include strategic and operational

 
 

formerly Chief Operating

planning, financial oversight, and

 
 

Officer since July 2008,

organizational development as

 
 

and Executive Vice President

well as extensive domestic and

 
 

since October 2004.

international experience in en-

 
   

gineered products and a complex

 
   

manufacturing environment.

 
       

Harold M. Stratton II

Chairman of the Board and

Mr. Stratton is Board Chairman

July 2004

Age 70

retired Chief Executive Officer

and retired CEO of a public

 
 

Strattec Security Corporation,

company. He is skilled in

 
 

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

strategic planning, financial

 
 

(A leading manufacturer of

oversight, compensation

 
 

mechanical and electro-mechan-

and organizational matters.

 
 

ical locks, latches, power

In addition, he has experience

 
 

opening/closing systems and

in international markets and in

 
 

related security/access

an industry involving complex

 
 

control products for global

manufacturing and products with

 
 

automotive manufacturers).

high engineering content.

 

 

7

 

 

 

Principal Occupation and Other

   

Name and

Public Company Directorships

 

Served as Director

Current Age

Held Within Past Five Years 

Skills and Qualifications

Continuously Since

 

CONTINUING DIRECTORS WHOSE TERMS EXPIRE IN 2020:

       

Michael Doar

Chairman and Chief

Mr. Doar is a sitting CEO of a

October 2008

Age 63

Executive Officer,

public company. His experience

 
 

Hurco Companies, Inc.

includes strategic planning,

 
 

Indianapolis, Indiana

(A global manufacturer of machine tools)

financial oversight, compensation and organizational competencies.

 
   

His career in the capital goods

 
   

industry has exposed him to complex manufacturing and engineering

 
   

solutions on a global basis.

 
       

David R. Zimmer

Retired Managing Partner,

Mr. Zimmer is a former CEO of

July 1995

Age 72

Stonebridge Equity LLC,

a public company and has also

 
 

Troy, Michigan,

held a CFO position in a public

 
 

(A merger, acquisition and

company. His skill sets include

 
 

value consulting firm);

strategic planning, financial

 
 

Formerly Chief Executive

oversight, compensation, and

 
 

Officer, Twitchell Corporation,

organizational development.

 
 

Dothan, AL (A privately held

His career includes international

 
 

manufacturer and marketer of

business in complex

 
 

highly engineered synthetic

manufacturing related

 
 

yarns, fabrics, extrusions, and

industries, as well as

 
 

coatings);

mergers and acquisitions.

 
 

Also Director, Strattec Security

   
 

Corporation.

   

 

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PROPOSAL 2: ADVISORY VOTE ON THE COMPENSATION OF

THE CORPORATION’S NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

 

As required by Section 14A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (as amended), the Board of Directors is holding a separate, non-binding advisory vote seeking approval of the compensation of the Corporation’s Named Executive Officers, as disclosed in the “Executive Compensation” portion of this Proxy Statement. This proposal, commonly known as “Say on Pay,” gives you the opportunity to indicate your support or lack of support for the Corporation’s fiscal 2018 compensation practices and programs for the Named Executive Officers by voting on the following resolution:

 

RESOLVED, that the compensation paid to the Corporation’s Named Executive Officers, as disclosed pursuant to Item 402 of Regulation S-K, including the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, compensation tables and narrative discussion, is hereby APPROVED.

 

As described in the “Compensation Discussion and Analysis” section of this Proxy Statement, and in particular the “Executive Summary” portion of the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, the Corporation has established a compensation program that is designed to attract and retain key employees, and reward those employees for the short-term and long-term performance of the Corporation.

 

A significant portion of the potential compensation of the Corporation’s Named Executive Officers is directly linked to the Corporation’s performance and the creation of shareholder value, and payments under the Corporation’s incentive programs have correlated to the Corporation’s actual performance. In addition, long-term performance stock awards were granted in 2015 subject to three-year objectives for economic profit, revenue and relative total shareholder return (TSR). Based on the cumulative performance of the Corporation over the past three fiscal years, the relative TSR awards vested at 96.8% of target. As these awards comprised 20% of the total long term incentive program, a total of 19.36% of the performance stock awards granted in 2015 vested in 2018. The remaining shares expired unvested in 2018, based on the cumulative profitability and revenue of the Corporation over the past three fiscal years.

 

The Corporation also maintains compensation practices that are aligned with sound governance practices. For example, the Corporation’s agreements with its Named Executive Officers are designed to avoid excess parachute payments under Section 280G of the Internal Revenue Code, and thus do not provide for excise tax gross-ups for excess parachute payments. In addition, the Corporation’s change in control severance agreements with its Named Executive Officers contain “double trigger” provisions (i.e., both a change in control and an involuntary termination or resignation for good reason) in order for outstanding equity awards to vest and be paid.

 

This shareholder vote is advisory, and therefore not binding on the Corporation. However, the Board of Directors and its Compensation and Executive Development Committee will take the results of the vote into consideration in addressing future compensation policies and practices.

 

THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS RECOMMENDS THAT YOU VOTE IN FAVOR OF THE RESOLUTION TO APPROVE THE COMPENSATION PAID TO THE CORPORATION’S NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS. UNLESS YOU INDICATE OTHERWISE ON YOUR PROXY, YOUR SHARES WILL BE VOTED “FOR” THE RESOLUTION TO APPROVE THE COMPENSATION PAID TO THE CORPORATION’S NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS.

 

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PROPOSAL 3: RATIFICATION OF APPOINTMENT OF

INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

The Audit Committee has selected RSM US LLP (“RSM”) as our independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2019, including service to our consolidated subsidiaries. RSM has acted in this capacity since 2018, following a competitive bidding process. A representative of RSM will be present at the Annual Meeting, will be given the opportunity to make a statement if he or she so desires, and will be available to respond to appropriate questions. Stockholder ratification of the selection of RSM as our independent registered public accounting firm is not required. However, the Audit Committee deems it good corporate governance to submit the selection of RSM to the stockholders for ratification.

 

Fees to Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

Audit Fees

Aggregate fees billed or expected to be billed for professional services rendered by RSM and PricewaterhouseCoopers (“PwC”) in connection with (i) the audit of the Corporation’s consolidated financial statements as of and for the years ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017, including statutory audits of the financial statements of the Corporation’s affiliates, and (ii) the reviews of the Corporation’s quarterly financial statements were $823,300 and $1,335,600, respectively.

 

Audit-Related Fees

Aggregate fees billed for professional services rendered by RSM and PwC for assurance and services reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of the Corporation’s financial statements not included in audit fees above were $12,300 and $0 for the years ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The fiscal 2018 fee relates to work associated with the evaluation and reporting for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

 

Tax Fees

In addition to the other fees described above, aggregate fees of $0 and $64,800 were billed by RSM and PwC during the years ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, pertaining to tax compliance, tax advice, and tax planning. Included in this amount are fees for tax compliance services of $0 and $64,800 during the years ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

All Other Fees

During the years ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, $0 and $0 were billed by RSM and PwC for products and services other than those listed above.

 

The Audit Committee has determined that the provision of services rendered above that were not related to its audit of the Corporation’s financial statements were at all times compatible with maintaining PricewaterhouseCoopers’ independence.

 

Pre-Approval Policies and Procedures

 

The Audit Committee annually pre-approves known or anticipated audit and non-audit services and fees. Additional non-audit services and fees not included in the annual pre-approval are submitted to a designated committee member for approval before the work is performed. These fees are then presented at the next Audit Committee meeting for formal documentation of approval. For the year ended June 30, 2018, 100% of audit-related, tax and other fees were pre-approved.

 

THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS RECOMMENDS THAT YOU VOTE TO RATIFY THE SELECTION OF RSM US LLP AS OUR INDEPENDENT AUDITORS FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 2019. UNLESS YOU INDICATE OTHERWISE, YOUR PROXY WILL BE VOTED "FOR" RATIFICATION.

 

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PROPOSAL 4: APPROVAL OF TWIN DISC, INCORPORATED 2018 LONG-TERM INCENTIVE COMPENSATION PLAN

 

The Board of Directors has presented for approval the Twin Disc, Incorporated 2018 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan (the “Plan”). It is the judgment of the Board of Directors that the long-term incentive grants made under the Corporation’s previous long-term incentive plans have been effective and useful in attracting, retaining and motivating officers and other key employees of the Corporation, as well as in encouraging them to increase their stock ownership in the Corporation.  The adoption of the Plan is expected to benefit the Corporation and its shareholders by enabling the Corporation to continue to be competitive in its search for and retention of outstanding employees, and to encourage them to increase their proprietary interests in the Corporation.

 

If approved, the Plan will replace the Twin Disc, Incorporated 2010 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan (as amended, the “2010 Plan”). Accordingly, no additional stock-based awards will be granted under the 2010 Plan following shareholder approval of the Plan.

 

Certain Material Differences Between the Plan and the 2010 Plan

 

The following is a summary of certain material differences between the Plan and the 2010 Plan. Most of these changes are intended to improve upon certain best practices already included in the 2010 Plan. This summary is qualified by and subject to the actual provisions of the Plan, which is attached as Appendix A.

 

 

Shares Available. The aggregate number of shares of the Corporation’s common stock reserved for issuance under the Plan is 850,000 shares.

 

 

Share Recycling. The 2010 Plan provided that with respect to the exercise of stock options, the gross number of shares, not the net number of shares issued, underlying the options are counted against the Plan’s maximum number of shares of common stock that may be issued under the Plan. The Plan expands the counting of the gross number of shares to shares issued upon the exercise of the stock appreciation right settled in stock, as well as to shares issued following the lapse of restrictions on restricted stock units or the satisfaction of performance goals with respect to performance stock.

 

 

Minimum Vesting of Awards. All awards issued under the Plan must have a minimum one-year vesting schedule from the date on which the award is granted; provided, however, that awards that result in the issuance of an aggregate of up to five percent (5%) of the shares of the Corporation’s common stock available under the Plan may be granted to participants without regard to the minimum vesting requirement.

 

 

Restricted Stock Dividends. Dividends on shares of restricted stock will be paid only if, when and to the extent the underlying shares of restricted stock vest. The Compensation and Executive Development Committee of the Board (the “Committee”), which has authority to administer the Plan, may not override this requirement.

 

 

Restricted Stock Units. The Committee may grant restricted stock units to participants, which entitle such participants to receive shares of common stock upon the lapse of certain restrictions.

 

 

Dividend Equivalent Awards. The Committee may grant dividend equivalent awards to participants, which entitle such participants to awards equal to dividends on shares underlying an award or on a hypothetical number of shares. To the extent dividend equivalent awards are tied to another award, the dividend equivalents may only be paid if, when and to the extent the underlying award vests.

 

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References to 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code. References to 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code were removed due to the passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, which repealed the performance-based compensation exception to the $1,000,000 cap on the deductibility of compensation paid to certain executive officers.

 

 

“Change in Control” Definition. The “Change in Control” definition, as it pertains to involuntary termination following a change in control, now provides that a change in control occurs upon the consummation of a merger, consolidation, liquidation, or sale of substantially all of the Company’s assets, rather than upon shareholder approval of such events.

 

These changes add to certain best practices that were already contained in the 2010 Plan, including:

 

 

Share Recycling. The Plan provides that shares received by the Company in connection with the exercise of an award, including shares tendered in payment of a stock option’s or stock appreciation right’s exercise price or shares tendered to the Company for the satisfaction of any tax liability or the satisfaction of a tax withholding obligation, may not be made subject to issuance pursuant to a later Award.

 

 

No Evergreen Provisions. The Plan does not contain a provision for automatic funding additions over the life of the Plan.

 

 

Double Trigger for Payouts Relating to a Change in Control. The Plan does not automatically vest and pay out awards following a change in control of the company. Rather, awards will only vest and be paid out based on a change in control if the participant is involuntarily terminated or resigns for good reason (as defined) following a change in control.

 

 

Clawback Provisions. All awards under the Plan are subject to any applicable clawback laws, clawback provisions of the listing standards of NASDAQ, and any clawback policy adopted, and amended from time to time, by the Committee.

 

Share Usage in 2010 Plan and 2010 Directors’ Plan

 

As of August 23, 2018, there were approximately 22,257 shares of common stock that remained available for future issuance under the 2010 Plan (assuming performance-based units are paid out at maximum), which will cease to be available for future grants if the 2018 Plan is approved by our stockholders. There were also approximately 80,938 shares of common stock available for future issuance under the 2010 Directors’ Plan, which will continue to be available for future grants.


The following table sets forth information regarding outstanding equity outstanding as of August 23, 2018, for all Twin Disc equity award plans. These figures represent an update to those provided in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018, filed on August 27, 2018, and in the section of this proxy statement entitled “Equity Compensation Plan Information.”

 

Number of outstanding options/SARs

    6,000  

Number of outstanding restricted stock and performance stock (1)(2)

    422,479  

Total ordinary shares outstanding

    11,523,273  


(1) Assumes performance-based units are paid out at maximum.

(2) On August 24,2018, the Committee awarded an additional 18,476 target shares of performance stock to Mr. Batten under the 2018 Plan (27,714 assuming they are paid out at maximum).

 

Combined, these figures represented approximately 3.73% of fully diluted shares of common stock as of August 23, 2018.

 

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The Company’s grant history over the past three fiscal years under the 2010 Plan and the 2010 Directors’ Plan was as follows:

 

       

Restricted

Stock

Awarded

(Officers)

   

Performance

Stock Awarded

(At Target)

   

Performance

Stock Vested

for Three Year

Period Ending

   

Restricted

Stock

Awarded

(Non-

Employee

Directors)

   

Weighted

Average Basic

Common

Shares

Outstanding

 
 

FY2016

   

68,408

   

60,466

   

0

   

27,330

   

11,203,000

 
 

FY2017

   

137,598

   

99,598

   

0

   

44,230

   

11,239,000

 
 

FY2018

   

65,839

   

54,854

   

11,706

   

19,488

   

11,295,000

 
 

TOTALS

   

271,845

   

214,918

   

11,706

   

91,048

       

 

 

For the performance stock that was awarded in fiscal 2016, a total of 11,706 shares vested and 22,257 shares were forfeited based on the Company’s performance for the three-year fiscal period that ended June 30, 2018. In addition, performance stock awards that were granted in fiscal 2014 and fiscal 2015 with respect to the three-year performance periods that ended on June 30, 2016 and June 30, 2017, respectively, were forfeited in their entirety due to the threshold performance levels not being met in those years. With respect to the grants of restricted stock shown above, a total of 32,734 shares of restricted stock granted to officers and 0 shares of restricted stock granted to directors were forfeited.

 

Material Features of the Plan

 

A summary of the material features of the Plan and the federal income tax consequences of the Plan follows.  Statements about the Plan are qualified by and subject to the actual provisions of the Plan, which is attached as Appendix A.

 

Administration

 

The Compensation and Executive Development Committee of the Board of Directors, or such other committee as the Board of Directors may designate (the “Committee”), will administer the Plan.  The Committee has the discretionary authority to prescribe, amend and rescind rules and regulations relating to the Plan, to select the eligible employees who shall receive awards under the Plan, to grant awards under the Plan and determine the terms and conditions of such awards, and to interpret the Plan and/or any agreement entered into under the Plan.

 

Eligibility

 

The Plan is designed to benefit key employees (including officers) of the Corporation and its subsidiaries who, in the opinion of the Committee, are mainly responsible for the success and future growth of the Corporation and/or any of its subsidiaries.  It is not possible at this time to determine who may be selected to receive options and/or other benefits under the Plan or the amount of common stock to be optioned or awarded to any person.  It is expected, however, that the Committee will make these determinations on the basis of the person's responsibilities and present and potential contributions to the Corporation’s success, and that among those who may qualify as recipients of options and/or related benefits will be officers and other key employees of the Corporation and its majority-owned subsidiaries.  There are currently approximately 20 employees that the Corporation anticipates will receive awards under the Plan.

 

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Awards Available Under the Plan

 

Benefits under the Plan (“Benefits”) may be granted, awarded or paid in any one or a combination of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, cash-settled restricted stock units, performance stock awards, performance stock unit awards, performance unit awards, and dividend equivalent awards.  The aggregate number of shares of the Corporation’s common stock reserved for issuance under the Plan is 850,000 shares, which may be authorized and unissued shares or shares reacquired by the Corporation in the open market or a combination of both.  The aggregate amount is subject to proportionate adjustments for stock dividends, stock splits and similar changes.

 

Stock Options.  Stock options consist of options (either incentive stock options or non-qualified stock options) to purchase shares of the Corporation’s common stock.  The Committee establishes the time(s) at which options may be exercised and whether all of the options may be exercisable at one time or in increments over time.  The option price or procedure for setting the option price is set by the Committee at the time of granting of an option.  The purchase price of option shares may be paid in cash, common stock of the Corporation, a combination of both, or such other legal and appropriate forms or means as the Committee may determine.  A maximum of 100,000 options may be granted to a participant during any fiscal year.  In the event of stock dividends, splits and similar capital changes, the Plan provides for appropriate adjustments in the number and option prices of shares subject to outstanding options.

 

For incentive stock options, the option price may not be less than the fair market value of the Corporation's stock on the date of grant; however, if the recipient owns more than 10% of the Corporation's stock, the option price must be at least 110% of the fair market value on the date of grant.  Incentive stock options must be exercised within ten years after the date of grant unless the recipient of the option owns more than 10% of the Corporation's stock, in which case they must be exercised within five years of the date of grant. Under certain circumstances, extensions or other modifications of outstanding options may result in disqualification of an option as an incentive option.

 

For non-qualified options, the option price may not be less than the fair market value of the Corporation's stock on the date of grant.  The option holder must also pay the Corporation, at the time of exercise, the amount of federal, state and local withholding taxes required to be withheld by the Corporation.  These taxes may be settled in cash or with common stock of the Corporation, including stock that is part of the award or that is received upon exercise of the stock option that gives rise to the withholding requirement.

 

Except for certain corporate events (e.g., stock splits), repricings of options and repurchases of underwater options are expressly prohibited, unless approved by the Corporation’s shareholders.

 

Stock Appreciation Rights.  Stock appreciation rights may be granted under the Plan with respect to options granted concurrently or previously under the Plan ("Tandem SARs") or on a stand-alone basis ("Stand Alone SARs").  A maximum of 100,000 stock appreciation rights may be granted to a participant during any fiscal year.

 

Each Tandem SAR permits the holder to receive the difference between the market price (on the date of exercise) of the shares to which it relates and the option price thereof.  A Tandem SAR will be exercisable at the time and to the extent the option to which it relates is exercisable.  Holders of Tandem SARs will be permitted to exercise the right or the related option, but not both.  Upon exercise of a Tandem SAR, rights will be paid in cash.  Any exercise will reduce the shares issuable under the Plan under which the related option was granted by the number of shares with respect to which the right is exercised.

 

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Each Stand Alone SAR permits the holder to receive the difference between the market price (on the date of exercise) of the shares to which it relates and the exercise price of such shares (i.e., the value specified in the agreement governing the grant of the Stand Alone SAR).  The exercise price may not be less than the fair market value of the Corporation's stock on the date of grant.  Upon exercise, rights will be paid in common stock of the Corporation or cash, or a combination of both, as determined by the Committee.

 

Except for certain corporate events (e.g., stock splits), repricings of SARs and repurchases of underwater SARs are expressly prohibited, unless approved by the Corporation’s shareholders.

 

Restricted Stock.   Restricted stock becomes vested only if earned by the recipient by remaining in the employment of the Corporation, subject to certain exceptions.  The minimum restriction on shares of restricted stock is one year of continued service by the participant, but the Committee may impose longer service requirements and/or additional restrictions.  Restricted stock may also be subject to vesting in installments after the first year.  Until the restrictions lapse, the holder of restricted stock may not sell, assign, pledge or otherwise transfer the restricted stock. Dividends on shares of restricted stock will be paid only if, when and to the extent the underlying shares of restricted stock vest. The Committee does not have discretion to override this requirement.

 

Restricted Stock Units. Restricted stock units represent a right to receive a specified number of shares of the Corporation’s common stock upon the lapse of a substantial risk of forfeiture. The minimum restriction on shares of restricted stock units is one year of continued service by the participant, but the Committee may impose longer service requirements and/or additional restrictions. There is no purchase or exercise price associated with restricted stock units or with the shares issued in settlement of the award. Restricted stock units do not entitle participants to voting rights or rights to receive cash dividends until shares of common stock are issued in settlement of such awards. The Committee may, however, grant dividend equivalent awards to participants who receive restricted stock units.

 

Cash-Settled Restricted Stock Units.   A cash-settled restricted stock unit entitles the participant to a cash payment equal to the fair market value of a share of the common stock of the Corporation upon the lapse of a substantial risk of forfeiture.  The minimum restriction on cash-settled restricted stock units shall be one year of continued service by the participant.  Other restrictions may include continued employment by the participant for a longer period of time, satisfaction of performance goals, or any other factors that the Committee deems relevant.

 

Performance Stock Awards.  Performance stock awards provide for artificial shares, contingently granted, and entitle the participant to actual shares of common stock at the time of payment if predetermined performance goals are achieved.  A maximum of 100,000 shares of performance stock may be granted to a participant during any fiscal year.

 

Performance Stock Units.  A performance stock unit entitles the participant to receive a cash payment equal to the fair market value of a share of common stock of the Corporation if predetermined performance goals are achieved.  The vesting date will be the last day of the performance period in which a performance goal is met.  A maximum of 200,000 performance stock units may be granted to a participant during any fiscal year.

 

Performance Units.  A performance unit entitles the participant to receive a specified cash payment in the event the Corporation achieves predetermined objectives.  The Plan restricts the maximum amount that may be paid to a participant in any fiscal year pursuant to an award of performance units to $500,000.

 

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Dividend Equivalent Awards. Dividend equivalent awards entitle the participant to receive amounts equal to ordinary dividends that are paid on the shares underlying an award while the award is outstanding. Such awards may be granted on a free-standing basis or in connection with another award, except that dividend equivalent awards may not be granted with respect to options or SARS. Dividend equivalent awards relating to an underlying award shall be paid only if, when and to the extent such underlying award vests, and payments due under stand-alone dividend equivalent awards shall be made after applicable restrictions lapse or the vesting conditions are satisfied.

 

Material Terms of the Performance Goals

 

The performance goals for performance stock awards, performance stock unit awards, and performance unit awards may be established by the Committee, based on one or more of the following measures, or upon such other business criteria as the Committee shall determine in its sole discretion:

 

●   gross revenues

 

●   sales

 

●   net asset turnover

 

●   earnings per share

 

●   cash flow

 

●   cash flow from operations

 

●   return on investment in excess of cost of capital (i.e., net operating profit after taxes minus the Corporation’s capital charge)

 

●   net operating profit after taxes as a percentage of the Corporation’s capital charge

 

●   operating profit or income

 

●   EBITDA as a percent of sales

●   debt to EBITDA ratios (including but not limited to the ratio of total funded debt to four quarter EBITDA, as defined in loan covenants of the Corporation)

 

●   net income

 

●   operating income

 

●   net income margin

 

●   return on net assets

 

●   return on total sales

 

●   return on common equity

 

●   return on total capital

 

●   total shareholder return

 

The Committee may establish targets under one or more of these performance goals based on single year or multi-year periods; on a Corporation-wide basis or with respect to one or more subsidiaries, business units, divisions or departments of the Corporation; in absolute terms, relative to the performance of one or more similarly situated companies, or relative to the performance of an index covering a peer group of companies; and with or without regard to changes in accounting or extraordinary, unusual or non-recurring items.

 

Non-transferability

 

Unless otherwise provided in an agreement governing the grant of an award, a participant's rights shall be exercisable during lifetime only by the participant, and no award may be sold, transferred or assigned, except that options and stock appreciation rights are transferable by will and pursuant to the laws of descent and distribution.

 

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Effect of Termination of Employment

 

Unless otherwise provided in an agreement governing the grant of an award or as determined by the Committee, if a participant’s employment is terminated due to death or disability: (i) all options and stock appreciation rights shall immediately vest and will be fully exercisable for a period specified by the Plan; (ii) restrictions on shares of restricted stock shall lapse; (iii) restrictions on restricted stock units shall lapse and the participant (or their designated beneficiary) will receive the number of shares of common stock represented by such restricted stock units; (iv) restrictions on cash-settled restricted stock units shall lapse and the participant (or their designated beneficiary) will receive a cash payment equal to the fair market value of the Corporation’s common stock as of the date of termination for each such unit; (v) the participant (or their designated beneficiary) shall receive a prorated payout of any performance stock awards, performance stock unit awards and performance unit awards; and (vi) restrictions on dividend equivalent awards shall lapse and the participant (or their designated beneficiary) will receive a cash payment equal to the amount of dividend equivalents credited to the participant.

 

Unless otherwise provided in an agreement governing the grant of an award or as determined by the Committee, if a participant voluntarily terminates employment before retirement or is terminated for cause: (i) all unexpired and unexercised options and stock appreciation rights shall immediately terminate; (ii) all shares of restricted stock still subject to restriction shall be forfeited (except that the Board or the Committee may waive such forfeiture); (iii) all restricted stock units, cash-settled restricted stock units, and dividend equivalent awards still subject to restriction shall be forfeited (except that the Committee may waive such forfeiture); and (iv) all performance stock awards, performance stock unit awards and performance unit awards shall be forfeited by the participant.

 

Unless otherwise provided in an agreement governing the grant of an award or as determined by the Committee, if a participant terminates employment for any other reason than those described above: (i) unexpired and unexercised options and stock appreciation rights shall terminate, except that vested options or stock appreciation rights may be exercised by the participant for three years (three months for incentive stock options) after the participant's termination (or until the expiration of the option or stock appreciation right if shorter); (ii) shares of restricted stock still subject to restriction shall be forfeited (except that the Committee may waive such forfeiture); (iii) all restricted stock units, cash-settled restricted stock units, and dividend equivalent awards still subject to restriction shall be forfeited (except that the Committee may waive such forfeiture); and (iv) the participant shall receive a prorated payout of any performance stock awards, performance stock unit awards and performance unit awards if and when the performance goals are achieved.

 

Unless otherwise provided in an agreement governing the grant of an award or as determined by the Committee, if a an event constituting a change in control of the Corporation occurs and a participant either terminates employment for good reason or is involuntarily terminated by the Corporation without cause after the change in control: (i) unexpired and unexercised options and stock appreciation rights shall immediately vest and will be fully exercisable, and the participant shall receive a cash payment (which would be in lieu of shares in the case of options) equal to the higher of the closing price of shares of Common Stock reported on the NASDAQ Stock Market on the date of termination of employment or the highest per share price for shares of Common Stock actually paid in connection with any Change in Control of the Company, over the per share exercise price for such option or SAR; (ii) restrictions on shares of restricted stock shall lapse and forfeitability provisions shall cease to apply; (iii) forfeitability provisions relating to restricted stock units shall immediately cease to apply and the participant shall be issued the number of shares of common stock represented by such restricted stock units; (iv) forfeitability provisions relating to cash-settled restricted stock units shall immediately cease to apply and the participant will receive a cash payment equal to the fair market value of the Corporation’s common stock; (v) the participant shall receive a payout of any performance stock awards, performance stock unit awards and performance unit awards as if the maximum performance objectives had been fully achieved; and (vi) dividend equivalent awards shall immediately vest and the participant will receive a cash payment equal to the amount of dividend equivalents credited to the participant.

 

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Amendment

 

The Board of Directors may amend, alter or discontinue the Plan.  However, no such change may impair the rights of any participant under any Benefit without the participant's consent, and no amendment shall, without the approval of the Corporation's shareholders, (i) increase the total number of shares of common stock that may be issued under the Plan or increase the amount or type of option that may be granted under the Plan; (ii) change the minimum purchase price, if any, of shares of common stock that may be subject to options under the Plan; (iii) modify the eligibility requirements under the Plan; (iv) extend the term of the Plan; or (v) constitute a material revision of the Plan under the listing standards of the NASDAQ Stock Market (or other applicable listing standards).

 

Clawbacks

 

All awards under the Plan are subject to any applicable clawback laws, clawback provisions of the listing standards of NASDAQ, and any clawback policy adopted, and amended from time to time, by the Committee.  The Committee shall have discretion with respect to any clawback to determine whether the Company shall effect such recovery (i) by seeking repayment from the participant; (ii) by reducing amounts that would otherwise be payable to the participant under any compensatory plan, program or arrangement maintained by the Corporation or any subsidiary or affiliate of the Corporation (subject to applicable law and the terms and conditions of the applicable plan, program or arrangement); (iii) by withholding payment of future increases in compensation (including the payment of any discretionary bonus amounts) or grants of compensatory awards that would have otherwise been made in accordance with the Corporation’s applicable compensation practices; or (iv) by any combination of the above.

 

Effective Date

 

The Plan became effective on August 1, 2018, the date it was approved by the Board of Directors, provided that the shareholders approve the Plan by a majority of votes at a meeting of such shareholders before the first anniversary of the effective date of the Plan.  All awards made under the Plan will be null and void if the shareholders do not approve the Plan before August 1, 2019. No stock options or other Benefits included in the Plan may be granted after August 1, 2028.

 

Federal Income Tax Consequences

 

The following discussion of the principal U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Twin Disc, Incorporated, 2018 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan is based on statutory authority and judicial and administrative interpretations as of the date of this Proxy Statement, which are subject to change at any time (possibly with retroactive effect) and may vary in individual circumstances.  It is designed to provide a general understanding of the Corporation's interpretation of the U.S. federal income tax consequences for individuals who are U.S. citizens or residents.  State, local and other tax consequences are not addressed below.

 

Stock Options.  The grant of a stock option does not produce taxable income to the employee or a tax deduction to the Corporation or any subsidiary.  Upon exercise of a non-qualified option, the excess of the fair market value of the common stock acquired over the option price is (a) taxable to the employee as ordinary income and (b) deductible by the employer (assuming withholding, if required).  The tax basis for the common stock acquired is the option price plus that taxable excess.

 

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Upon exercise of an incentive option, the excess of the fair market value of the common stock acquired over the option price will be an item of tax preference to the employee (unless the employee disposes of the common stock in that same year).  If the common stock is held by the employee for at least two years after the date of grant and one year after the date of exercise of the option (i) the employee does not realize any income as a result of exercising the option, (ii) the tax basis of the common stock received is the option price, and (iii) the Corporation is not entitled to any tax deduction by reason of the exercise.  Any gain realized on the ultimate sale of the common stock that is held for the appropriate period is treated as gain resulting from the disposition of a capital asset.  If the employee does not hold the common stock for at least two years after the date of a grant and one year after the date of exercise, the excess of the fair market value of the common stock at the time of exercise of the option (or the proceeds of disposition, if less) over the option price will, in the year of disposition, be (a) taxable to the employee as ordinary income and (b) deductible by the Corporation (assuming withholding, if required).  The tax basis for the common stock received will be the option price plus that taxable excess.  The gain realized on the sale of the common stock over the tax basis will be treated as gain resulting from the disposition of a capital asset.

 

Stock Appreciation Rights.  No income will be recognized by the recipient of a stock appreciation right until shares representing the amount of the appreciation or the tax equivalent, if so elected, are transferred to the recipient pursuant to the exercise of the right.  The amount of such income will be equal to the fair market value of such shares on the exercise date (or the cash equivalent), and will be ordinary income. Subject to the applicable provisions of the Code, the Corporation will be entitled to a deduction at the same time and in the same amount.

 

Restricted Stock.  The grant of a restricted stock award will not result in taxable income to the employee on the date of the grant, unless the employee makes a timely election under Section 83(b) of the Code to include in income the fair market value of the restricted shares as of the date of such transfer.  At the time the substantial risk of forfeiture terminates with respect to a restricted stock award, the then fair market value of the stock will constitute ordinary income to the employee, and the Corporation will then be entitled to a deduction in the same amount. However, an employee who makes an election under Section 83(b) of the Code within 30 days of the date of transfer of the shares will have taxable ordinary income on the date of transfer of the shares equal to the excess of the fair market value of such shares (determined without regard to the substantial risk of forfeiture) over the purchase price, if any, of such restricted shares. If an employee makes an election under Section 83(b) of the Code, the Corporation generally will be entitled to a corresponding deduction in the year of grant.  

 

Any appreciation (or depreciation) after the date the value of the restricted shares initially becomes taxable to the employee that the employee later realizes upon a subsequent disposition of such shares will be treated as long-term or short-term capital gain (or loss) depending upon how long the shares have been held. If a Section 83(b) election has not been made, any dividends received with respect to restricted shares that are subject to restrictions generally will be treated as deferred compensation that is taxable as ordinary income to the employee.

 

Restricted Stock Units. The grant of a restricted stock unit will not result in realization of taxable income as long as the award remains in the form of a restricted stock unit. When the restricted stock unit is extinguished and stock is issued, the tax consequences for restricted stock awards (see above paragraph) will be recognized. An election to have the restricted stock unit taxed at the grant date cannot be made under Section 83(b) of the Code because no stock is transferred to the participant on the grant date of the restricted stock unit.

 

Cash-Settled Restricted Stock Units.  The grant of cash-settled restricted stock units will not ordinarily result in taxable income to the employee on the date of grant.  At the time the substantial risk of forfeiture terminates with respect to such award, any cash received will constitute ordinary income to the employee, and the Corporation will then be entitled to a deduction in the same amount.

 

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Performance Stock Awards, Performance Stock Unit Awards and Performance Unit Awards.   The grant of a performance stock, performance stock unit or performance unit award generally will result in taxable income to the employee on the earlier of actual receipt of compensation pursuant to the award or when compensation is credited to the employee's account, or set apart, or otherwise made available.  Subject to the applicable provisions of the Code, including but not limited to Section 162(m) of the Code, a deduction for federal income tax purposes will be allowable to the Corporation in an amount equal to the compensation realized by the employee.

 

Dividend Equivalent Awards. A participant who receives a dividend equivalent award generally will not recognize any taxable income, and the Corporation will not have any tax consequences, at the time the dividend equivalent award is granted. When a participant is paid for the award, the amount of any cash received will constitute ordinary income to the participant, and the Corporation will be entitled to a tax deduction in the same amount in the year the award is paid.

 

Tax Effect for the Corporation. The Corporation will generally be entitled to a tax deduction in connection with awards under the Plan in an amount equal to the ordinary income realized by a participant and at the time the participant recognizes such income. However, special rules limit the deductibility of compensation paid to “covered employees” within the meaning of Code Section 162(m). Under Code Section 162(m), the annual compensation paid to any of these specified employees will be deductible only to the extent that it does not exceed $1,000,000.

 

Vote Required

 

The Plan will be adopted if approved by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least a majority of the outstanding shares of the Corporation's common stock that are represented at the annual meeting (either in person or by proxy) and are voted in connection with the adoption of the Plan.

 

THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS RECOMMENDS THAT YOU VOTE FOR APPROVAL OF THE TWIN DISC, INCORPORATED 2018 LONG-TERM INCENTIVE COMPENSATION PLAN.  UNLESS YOU INDICATE OTHERWISE ON YOUR PROXY, YOUR SHARES WILL BE VOTED “FOR” THIS PROPOSAL.

 

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CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

The Corporation's business is conducted under the direction of the Board of Directors, pursuant to the laws of the State of Wisconsin and our Restated Bylaws. Members of the Board of Directors are kept informed of the Corporation’s business through discussions with the President and Chief Executive Officer and with key members of management, by reviewing materials provided to them, and by participating in meetings of the Board of Directors and its committees.

 

The Corporation has reviewed its corporate governance policies and practices, particularly in light of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, and rule changes made or proposed by the Securities and Exchange Commission and the NASDAQ Stock Market. We believe that our current policies and practices meet all applicable requirements. Our updated corporate governance policies, including updated charters for committees of the Board, are made available to our shareholders on our website, www.twindisc.com, and/or through appropriate mailings.

 

Board Independence

 

The Corporation requires, as set forth in its Guidelines for Corporate Governance, that a majority of the Board members be independent outside Directors. "Independent Director," as used here, means a person other than an officer or employee of the Corporation or its subsidiaries or any other individual having a relationship which, in the opinion of the Board, would interfere with the exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a Director. At a minimum, to qualify as "independent," a Director must so qualify under governing rules, regulations and standards, including those issued by the SEC and the NASDAQ Stock Market. The Nominating and Governance Committee of the Board assesses independence on an ongoing basis, and the Directors are responsible for bringing to the attention of the Nominating and Governance Committee any changes to their status that may affect independence. In addition, the Directors are required to complete, on at least an annual basis, a questionnaire prepared by the Corporation that is designed to elicit information that relates to the independence assessment. A majority of the current Board of Directors are independent Directors.

 

The Board has determined that the following Directors are independent within the meaning of SEC regulations, the listing standards of the NASDAQ Stock Market and the Corporation's Guidelines for Corporate Governance: Messrs. Doar, Johnson, Rayburn, Stratton and Zimmer, and Ms. Giesselman.

 

Board Leadership Structure

 

The positions of Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) are separated between Mr. Rayburn and Mr. Batten. This allows our CEO (Mr. Batten) to focus on the day-to-day business operations, while allowing the Chairman of the Board (Mr. Rayburn) to lead our Board in its role of providing oversight and advice to management. The Board retains the authority to modify this leadership structure as and when appropriate to best address the Company’s current circumstances and to advance the interests of all shareholders.

 

The Chairman of the Board presides over executive sessions of the independent directors; serves as liaison between the CEO and other independent directors; consults with the CEO as to appropriate scheduling and agendas of meetings of the Board; and serves as the principal liaison for communication by shareholders and employees directed specifically toward non-management directors.

 

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Board’s Role in Risk Oversight

 

The Corporation’s Board of Directors is ultimately responsible for overseeing the Corporation’s approach to business risks that it faces. The Board receives regular reports from the Corporation’s management regarding significant developments in the industries and markets in which the Corporation competes, as well as information regarding the Corporation’s financial performance, capital needs and liquidity. With the assistance of management, the Board regularly identifies the risks that are most significant to the Corporation. The Board’s agendas are planned so that each of these risks, the potential exposure they create, management’s efforts to manage those risks and other mitigating activities, are discussed at least annually. Risk management is also an integral part of the Corporation’s annual strategic planning process, and risks identified through that process are also reviewed and discussed by the full Board.

 

Various committees of the Board also have roles in the oversight of risk management. In particular, the Finance and Risk Management Committee oversees the Company’s risk management framework and strategy, management’s proposed financial policies and actions, and the financial status of the Company’s defined benefit pension plans. The Audit Committee focuses on financial risk, including the Corporation’s internal controls regarding finance, accounting, legal compliance and ethical behavior. The Compensation and Executive Development Committee evaluates risks that may be created by the Corporation’s compensation policies and practices, and also annually reviews the adequacy and status of the Corporation’s management succession plans.

 

Guidelines for Business Conduct and Ethics

 

Our Guidelines for Business Conduct and Ethics (the "Guidelines") summarize the compliance and ethical standards and expectations we have for all our employees, officers and Directors with respect to their conduct in furtherance of the Corporation’s business. The Guidelines, which are available on the Corporation’s website, www.twindisc.com, contain procedures for reporting suspected violations of the provisions contained in the Guidelines, including procedures for the reporting of questionable accounting or auditing matters, or other concerns regarding accounting, internal accounting controls or auditing matters. These materials are also available in print to any shareholder upon request. If we make any substantive amendment to the Guidelines, we will disclose the nature of such amendment on our website at www.twindisc.com or in a current report on Form 8-K. In addition, if a waiver from the Guidelines is granted to an executive officer or Director, we will disclose the nature of such waiver on our website at www.twindisc.com or in a current report on Form 8-K.

 

Anti-Hedging and Pledging Policies

 

Under our Insider Trading Policy, all executive officers, Directors and employees of the Corporation are prohibited from trading in options, warrants, puts and calls or other similar instruments on securities of the Corporation or engaging in short sales of securities of the Corporation.  In addition, our Insider Trading Policy prohibits all executive officers, Directors and employees of the Corporation from engaging in any hedging or monetization transactions involving securities of the Corporation, and prohibits Directors and executive officers from holding securities of the Corporation in a margin account or pledging securities of the Corporation as collateral for a loan.  Our Insider Trading Policy is available on our website, www.twindisc.com

 

Review, Approval or Ratification of Transactions with Related Persons

 

Our Guidelines also specifically require that all employees, officers and Directors refrain from business activities, including personal investments, which conflict with the proper discharge of their responsibilities to the Corporation or impair their ability to exercise independent judgment with respect to transactions in which they are involved on behalf of the Corporation. The Guidelines include policies on the review and approval of significant transactions between the Corporation and its officers or employees, and their relatives or businesses.

 

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At the end of each fiscal year, each Director and officer must respond to a questionnaire that requires him or her to identify any transaction or relationship that occurred during the year or any proposed transaction that involves the Corporation (or any subsidiary or affiliate of the Corporation) and that individual, their immediate family and any entity with which they or such immediate family member are associated. All responses to the questionnaires are reviewed by the Corporation’s internal auditing department and shared with the CEO and Audit Committee, as appropriate. Based upon such review, there were no related party transactions with respect to persons who were Directors or officers during fiscal 2018 requiring disclosure under the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

DIRECTOR COMMITTEES AND ATTENDANCE

 

Meetings of the Board of Directors and Board Committees; Attendance

 

The Corporation’s Board of Directors met six times during the year ended June 30, 2018. Among incumbent Directors, there were no absences from these meetings. The Audit Committee met four times during the year. The Nominating and Governance Committee met two times during the year. The Compensation and Executive Development Committee met three times during the year. The Finance and Risk Management Committee met four times during the year. Each incumbent Director attended at least 75% of the aggregate of the total number of meetings of the Board of Directors and of the Committees on which the Director served.

 

Director Committee Functions

 

Audit Committee

 

The Corporation has a separately-designated Audit Committee established in accordance with Section 3(a)(58)(A) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The charter of the Audit Committee is available on the Corporation's website, www.twindisc.com. It was most recently reviewed on May 2, 2018.

 

All of the members of the Audit Committee are independent within the meaning of the SEC regulations, the listing standards of NASDAQ Stock Market and the Corporation's Guidelines for Corporate Governance. The Board of Directors has determined that each Audit Committee member (Mr. Johnson (Chair), Mr. Doar, Ms. Giesselman and Mr. Zimmer) qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” within the meaning of SEC rules.

 

The Audit Committee's purpose is to assist the Board of Directors in monitoring the:

 

● Integrity of the Corporation's financial statements;

● Independent auditor's qualifications and independence;

● Performance of the Corporation's internal audit function and the independent auditors; and

● Corporation's compliance with legal and regulatory requirements.

 

In carrying out these responsibilities, the Audit Committee, among other things:

 

● Appoints the independent auditor for the purpose of preparing and issuing an audit report and to perform related work, and discusses with the independent auditor appropriate staffing and compensation;

● Retains, as necessary or appropriate, independent legal, accounting or other advisors;

● Oversees management's implementation of systems of internal controls, including review of policies relating to legal and regulatory compliance, ethics and conflicts of interests, and reviews the activities and recommendations of the Corporation's internal auditing program;

 

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● Monitors the preparation of quarterly and annual financial reports by the Corporation's management, including discussions with management and the Corporation's independent auditors about draft annual financial statements and key accounting and reporting matters;

● Determines whether the outside auditors are independent (based in part on the annual letter provided to the Corporation pursuant to the applicable requirements of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board regarding the independent accountant’s communication with the audit committee concerning independence); and

● Annually reviews management's programs to monitor compliance with the Corporation's Guidelines for Business Conduct and Ethics.

 

Finance and Risk Management Committee

 

The Finance and Risk Management Committee assists the Board in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities for considering management’s proposed financial policies and actions, and making appropriate recommendations to the Board regarding: debt and capital structure, acquisitions, capital budgets, dividend policy, pension funding, cyber security and other financial and risk management matters. The Committee also oversees the Company’s risk management framework and strategy.

 

Nominating and Governance Committee

 

The Nominating and Governance Committee recommends nominees for the Board to the Board of Directors. The Committee will consider nominees recommended by shareholders in writing to the Secretary. In addition, the Committee develops and recommends to the Board a set of effective corporate governance policies and procedures applicable to the Corporation, and reviews proposed changes in corporate structure and governance, committee structure and function, and meeting schedules, making recommendations to the Board as appropriate. The charter of the Nominating and Governance Committee is available on the Corporation’s website, www.twindisc.com. The independence of the Committee is in compliance with SEC regulations, the listing standards of the NASDAQ Stock Market and the Corporation’s Guidelines for Corporate Governance.

 

The Nominating and Governance Committee identifies candidates for Director nominees in consultation with the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, through the use of search firms or other advisers, or through such other methods as the Committee deems to be helpful to identify candidates, including the processes identified herein. The Committee will also consider Director candidates recommended to the Committee by shareholders. The procedures for recommendation of nominees by shareholders are available on the Corporation’s web site, www.twindisc.com. Shareholder recommendations to the Committee for Director candidates shall follow the following procedures:

 

 

a.

The Committee must receive any such shareholder recommendations for Director candidates on or before the last business day in the month of March preceding that year's annual meeting.

 

 

b.

Such recommendation for nomination shall be in writing and shall include the following information:

 

i.

Name and address of the shareholder, whether an entity or an individual, making the recommendation;

 

ii.

A written statement of the shareholder’s beneficial ownership of the Corporation's securities;

 

iii.

Name and address of the individual recommended for consideration as a Director nominee;

 

iv.

A written statement from the shareholder making the recommendation stating why such recommended candidate would be able to fulfill the duties of a Director;

 

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v.

A written statement from the shareholder making the recommendation stating how the recommended candidate meets the independence requirements established by the SEC and the NASDAQ Stock Market;

 

vi.

A written statement disclosing the recommended candidate's beneficial ownership of the Corporation's securities;

 

vii.

A written statement disclosing relationships between the recommended candidate and the Corporation which may constitute a conflict of interest; and

 

viii.

Any other information relating to the recommended candidate that would be required to be disclosed in solicitations of proxies for the election of Directors under the Securities Exchange Act.

 

 

c.

Recommendation for nomination must be sent to the attention of the Committee via the U.S. Mail or by expedited delivery service, addressed to:

 

Twin Disc, Incorporated

1328 Racine Street

Racine, WI 53403

Attn: Nominating and Governance Committee

c/o Secretary of Twin Disc, Incorporated

 

In identifying potential candidates, the Nominating and Governance Committee confirms that the candidates meet all of the minimum qualifications for Director nominees set forth below. The Committee does not have a formal diversity policy, but it does consider a candidate’s potential to contribute to the diversity of viewpoints, backgrounds or experiences to the Board as one of many factors in choosing a candidate for the Board. In the end, candidates are selected based on their qualifications and skills and the needs of the Board as a whole, with the goal of having a Board composed of Directors with a diverse mix of financial, business, technological and other skills and experiences. The Committee may gather information about the candidates through interviews, background checks, or any other means that the Committee deems to be helpful in the evaluation process. The Committee then meets as a group to discuss and evaluate the qualities and skills of each candidate, both on an individual basis and taking into account the overall composition and needs of the Board. There is no difference in the manner by which the Committee evaluates potential Director nominees, whether recommended by the Board or by a shareholder.

 

The Nominating and Governance Committee evaluates each individual candidate in the context of the overall composition and needs of the Board, with the objective of recommending a group that can best manage the business and affairs of the Corporation and represent shareholder interests using its diversity of experience. A Director must have substantial or significant business or professional experience or an understanding of technology, finance, marketing, financial reporting, international business or other disciplines relevant to the business of the Corporation. A Director must be free from any relationship that, in the opinion of the Board, would interfere with the exercise of his or her judgment as a member of the Board or of a Board committee. This does not preclude an otherwise qualified employee of the Corporation from serving as a Director, as long as the majority of Directors satisfies the independence requirements of the regulatory bodies. Each Director will be expected to review and agree to adhere to the Corporation’s Guidelines for Business Conduct and Ethics, as in effect from time to time. The Committee will consider these and other qualifications, skills and attributes when recommending candidates for the Board's selection as nominees for the Board and as candidates for appointment to the Board's committees.

 

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Compensation and Executive Development Committee

 

Scope of Authority - The primary purpose of the Compensation and Executive Development Committee is: (i) to assist the Board in discharging its responsibilities in respect to the compensation of the Corporation's Directors and executive officers; (ii) to produce an annual report for inclusion in the Corporation’s proxy statement on executive compensation; and (iii) to lead the process of management succession. The Committee approves the design of, assesses the effectiveness of, and administers executive compensation programs in support of compensation policies of the Corporation.

 

The Compensation and Executive Development Committee charter expressly grants the Committee the authority and responsibility required by the listing standards of the NASDAQ Stock Market, which includes the ability to retain or obtain advice from a compensation consultant, legal counsel or other adviser, and to compensate and oversee the work of any compensation consultant, legal counsel or other adviser retained by the Committee. The Committee charter also requires the Committee to determine the independence of any such compensation consultant, legal counsel or other adviser in accordance with the rules of the NASDAQ Stock Market.

 

The charter of the Compensation and Executive Development Committee is available on the Corporation’s website, www.twindisc.com. The Corporation last updated the Compensation and Executive Development Committee charter on May 2, 2018.

 

Composition - The Compensation and Executive Development Committee is composed exclusively of non-employee, independent Directors none of whom has a business relationship with the Corporation, other than in their capacity as Directors. The Compensation and Executive Development Committee reports to the entire Board.

 

Role of Consultants - The Compensation and Executive Development Committee periodically engages an independent consultant to review its compensation program for the officers of the Corporation, in order to ensure market competitiveness. Historically, the Committee engaged an independent compensation consultant for this purpose every two years. Toward the end of FY2013, the Committee engaged Willis Towers Watson (“WTW”), a global human resources consulting firm, for this review for purposes of setting executive compensation for FY2014. WTW provides the Committee with information regarding market compensation practices and alternatives to consider when making compensation decisions for the executives. The Committee did not engage a compensation consultant in connection with setting executive compensation for FY2015, but it did review updated WTW survey information, which was increased by 3% for the base salary information and by 4% for long-term incentive compensation to reflect current compensation trends in the market. For FY2016, the Corporation again engaged WTW to provide a detailed review of the officer’s compensation program. The results of that review were used by the Committee for informational purposes only. Due to a global salary and wage freeze at all operations, the Committee maintained officer salaries at their then-current levels, and in November 2015, all Corporation officers participated in a Racine-based salary reduction program. For FY2017, the Committee did not engage a compensation consultant for review of competitive compensation data. Due to the continuing wage and salary freeze at all operations, all executive officers’ salaries were maintained at their reduced FY2016 levels, with the exception of Mr. Moore who received a 6.4% increase due to his promotion to Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer. For FY2018, the Committee did not engage a compensation consultant for a review of competitive compensation data, but used the FY2016 WTW study for reference only in determining officer compensation. For FY2019, the Committee engaged WTW as a compensation consultant to review competitive compensation data. It used the WTW competitive data, the recommendations of the CEO and the FY2017 shareholder advisory vote on executive compensation in determining the elements of each executive’s compensation package for FY2019.

 

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Role of Executive Officers - The Compensation and Executive Development Committee makes all compensation decisions for the President and CEO, Mr. Batten, and approves recommendations for compensation actions for all other elected officers of the Corporation. As President and CEO, Mr. Batten annually reviews the performance of each elected officer with the Compensation and Executive Development Committee. Recommendations based on these reviews, including those pertaining to salary adjustments, bonus payouts and equity compensation, are presented to the Compensation and Executive Development Committee, which may exercise its discretion in modifying any of the recommendations presented. The Compensation and Executive Development Committee also reviews the performance of the President and CEO. It alone determines the salary adjustment, bonus payment and equity awards for Mr. J. Batten.

 

Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation – During FY2018, the members of the Compensation and Executive Development Committee were Janet Giesselman (chair), Michael C. Smiley, Harold M. Stratton II and David R. Zimmer. None of the Compensation and Executive Development Committee members are former executive officers of the Corporation. See the “Board Independence” section for additional information concerning Director independence. The Corporation had no “Compensation Committee Interlocks” as described by the SEC during fiscal 2018.

 

Committee Membership

 

In October of each year, the Board considers and approves committee membership for the coming year. The Board’s committees are currently comprised of the following Directors, with the Chairman of each Committee listed first:

 

   

Finance

 

Compensation &

   
   

And Risk

 

Executive

 

Nominating and

Audit

 

Management

 

Development

 

Governance

Johnson

 

Stratton

 

Giesselman

 

Doar

Doar   Johnson   Doar   Giesselman

Giesselman 

 

Zimmer

 

Stratton

 

Johnson

Zimmer

     

Zimmer

 

Stratton

 

 

 

Attendance at Annual Meeting

 

The Corporation does not have a formal policy that its Directors attend the Annual Meeting of Shareholders because it expects them to do so and because the Corporation's Directors historically have attended these meetings. All of the members of the Board of Directors attended last year's annual meeting. The Board of Directors conducts its annual meeting in conjunction with the Annual Meeting of Shareholders at the Corporation's headquarters.

 

Stockholder Communication with the Board

 

The Board provides to every stockholder the ability to communicate with the Board as a whole, and with individual Directors on the Board, through an established process for stockholder communication (“Stockholder Communication”) as follows:

 

1.     Stockholder Communication to Entire Board. For Stockholder Communication directed to the Board as a whole, stockholders may send such communication to the attention of the Chairman of the Board via U.S. Mail or by expedited delivery service:

 

Twin Disc, Incorporated

1328 Racine Street

Racine, WI 53403

Attn: Chairman of the Board of Directors

 

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2.     Stockholder Communication to Individual Director. For Stockholder Communication directed to an individual Director in his or her capacity as a member of the Board, stockholders may send such communication to the attention of the individual Director via U.S. Mail or by expedited delivery service:

 

Twin Disc, Incorporated

1328 Racine Street

Racine, WI 53403

Attn: [Name of Individual Director]

 

The Corporation will forward by U.S. mail any such Stockholder Communication to each Director, and the Chairman of the Board in his or her capacity as a representative of the Board, to whom such Stockholder Communication is addressed to the address specified by each such Director and the Chairman of the Board.

 

Communications from an officer or Director of the Corporation and proposals submitted by stockholders to be included in the Corporation's definitive proxy statement, pursuant to Rule 14a-8 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, (and related communications) will not be viewed as a Stockholder Communication. Communications from an employee or agent of the Corporation will be viewed as a Stockholder Communication only if such communications are made solely in such employee's or agent's capacity as a stockholder.

 

From time to time, the Board may change the process by which stockholders may communicate with the Board or its members. Please refer to the Corporation's website, www.twindisc.com, for any changes to this process.

 

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

Compensation Discussion and Analysis

 

Introduction

 

This Compensation Discussion and Analysis describes the material components of compensation paid to the Corporation’s Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and its three most highly compensated executive officers for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018 (the “Named Executive Officers”).  The list of Named Executive Officers also includes a former executive officer of the Corporation, who would have been listed as one of the three most highly compensated executive officers but for the fact that he was no longer employed at the end of the fiscal year. For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018, the Named Executive Officers are:

 

 

John H. Batten, President and Chief Executive Officer;

 

Jeffrey S. Knutson, Vice President – Finance, Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and Secretary;

 

Malcolm F. Moore, Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer;

 

Dean J. Bratel, Vice President, Sales and Applied Technology;

 

Denise L. Wilcox, Vice President, Human Resources; and

 

Donald J. Nelson, Former Vice President, Operations

 

In this Compensation Discussion and Analysis, we will also explain the objectives of our compensation programs, why we pay the compensation we do and how that fits with the Corporation’s commitment to provide value to our shareholders.

 

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Executive Summary

 

Through the Board’s Compensation and Executive Development Committee (the “Committee”), the Corporation has established a compensation program that is designed to attract and retain key employees, and reward those employees for short-term and long-term performance of the Corporation.  To fulfill these goals, the compensation of the Corporation’s Named Executive Officers consists of a mix of base salary, annual incentives and long-term incentives.  Base salary is intended to compensate the Corporation’s Named Executive Officers for services rendered during the fiscal year, their level of responsibility and experience within the industry and the Corporation, and their sustained individual performance. Annual incentives are designed to compensate the Named Executive Officers for achieving short-term corporate, business unit and individual performance goals.  Long-term incentives are intended to reward executives for sustained performance of the Corporation and are heavily weighted in favor of equity-related awards (performance stock, performance stock units and restricted stock) that are tied to the Corporation’s stock price.

 

A significant objective of the Corporation’s compensation philosophy is to align the interests of the Named Executive Officers with those of shareholders by paying for performance.  Key elements of the Corporation’s compensation program that support the pay for performance philosophy include the following:

 

 

The Corporation seeks to set compensation of its Named Executive Officers at the market median for companies of comparable size and in comparable industries, but also allows actual pay to vary from the market median depending on individual and company performance and length of service within the industry and the Corporation.

 

 

A significant portion of the compensation of the Corporation’s Named Executive Officers is tied to the performance of the Corporation, including annual incentives based on financial measurements that management of the Corporation considers important and long-term incentives that are heavily weighted in favor of equity-related awards (performance stock, performance stock units and restricted stock).

 

 

The Corporation has stock ownership guidelines for each of its Named Executive Officers, thereby aligning their long-term interests with those of shareholders.

 

 

In FY2017 and FY2018, the Corporation included earnings per share as one of the performance goals in its long-term incentive awards. The Corporation also awarded only performance stock and restricted stock as long-term incentive awards in FY2017 and FY2018, in order to promote additional equity ownership beyond the performance period for the long-term incentive awards.

 

The Corporation also maintains compensation practices that we believe are consistent with good governance.  For example:

 

 

The Corporation’s agreements with its Named Executive Officers are designed to avoid excess parachute payments under Section 280G of the Internal Revenue Code, and thus do not provide for excise tax gross-ups for excess parachute payments.

 

 

The Corporation’s long-term incentive compensation plan (i) prohibits repricing of stock options and the repurchase of underwater options; (ii) limits the recycling of shares that may be awarded under the plan; and (iii) states that all awards are subject to the clawback requirements of any applicable law and the listing standards of the NASDAQ Stock Market, and provides mechanisms for the Corporation to enforce its recovery rights. In addition, the Corporation’s long-term incentive plan is designed to maximize the deduction for performance-based compensation under former Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code for awards issued prior to the repeal of Section 162(m).

 

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The Corporation’s change in control severance agreements with its Named Executive Officers contain “double trigger” provisions (i.e., both a change in control and an involuntary termination or resignation for good reason) in order for outstanding equity awards to vest and be paid.

 

 

The Committee considers internal pay equity when making compensation decisions.

 

 

The annual Corporate Incentive Plan is performance-based and has caps on bonus payments.

 

 

The Committee annually evaluates the Corporation’s compensation programs to ensure that they do not encourage unnecessary risk-taking.

 

The following provides a brief overview of the highlights of the compensation received by the Corporation’s Named Executive Officers for the fiscal year that ended June 30, 2018:

 

 

At the beginning of FY2018, the Committee approved modest increases in the base salaries of some of the Named Executive Officers, but kept the base salary of the President and CEO, Mr. Batten, the same. This followed eighteen months of base salary reductions due to a weakening of the Corporation’s performance, and a restoration of all salaries to their 2014 levels in May of 2017.

 

 

The Corporation achieved the maximum EBITDA, sales and trade working capital goals under the Corporate Incentive Plan (“CIP”) for FY2018. Certain Named Executive Officers also attained or exceeded their individual goals under the CIP. As a result, bonus payments were made to each of the Named Executive Officers under the CIP, between the target and maximum percentage.

 

 

The Corporation did not achieve the average annual sales revenue or cumulative profitability goals for performance stock granted in 2015 under the Twin Disc, Incorporated 2010 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan. However, the Corporation did achieve near target performance on the relative total shareholder return goal, which had a 20% weighting. As a result, the performance stock awards vested at 19.36% of target.

 

As required by Section 14A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Corporation held its shareholder advisory vote on executive compensation at its October 26, 2017, Annual Meeting of Shareholders. The shareholders overwhelmingly approved the say on pay proposal, with more than 95% of the votes cast in favor of the compensation paid to the Corporation’s Named Executive Officers.

 

Overview

 

The Compensation and Executive Development Committee (the “Committee”) of the Board has responsibility for establishing, implementing and monitoring the total compensation of the Corporation’s executive officers.  The Committee approves the design of, assesses the effectiveness of, and administers executive compensation programs in support of compensation policies of the Corporation.  The Committee has adopted a charter that it uses when setting agendas and schedules for their meetings.  The charter can be found at http://ir.twindisc.com/corporate-governance.cfm

 

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Compensation Philosophy and Objectives

 

Twin Disc believes that knowledgeable, motivated and dedicated employees can make the difference in our Corporation’s ability to execute business strategy and excel in the marketplace.  The Committee believes it is in the best interest of the Corporation and its shareholders to fairly compensate our executive team to encourage high-level performance, resulting in increased profitability of the Corporation.  Executives are compensated on the value of their contribution to the success of the Corporation, in addition to their assigned scope of responsibilities.

 

Compensation includes opportunities for shared risks and rewards, and reflects the results of both individual performance and performance of the Corporation.  In setting compensation, the Committee tries to ensure that the employees’ pay is fair when compared to others within the Corporation as well as when compared to employees at similar positions in other companies.  Twin Disc will pay for the value of the job to the Corporation, considering the knowledge, skills and abilities required for each job and will pay market competitive compensation, in order to attract, retain and motivate top talent.

 

The key elements of our officers’ total compensation package are base salary, an annual incentive program, a long-term incentive program, and other benefits.  Base salary is intended to compensate the executive for the responsibilities and scope of the job, reward sustained performance, and aid in retention. The annual incentive program is intended to reward the achievement of corporate and business unit annual operating goals that are key to the Corporation’s overall performance.  The long-term incentive program is intended to reward achievement of sustainable, long-term performance goals, and aid in the retention of the executive, aligning the executive’s rewards with those of the shareholder.  The goal of the Corporation’s compensation program is to provide competitive compensation that encourages and rewards individual and team performance for producing both short-term and long-term shareholder value.

 

The Corporation believes that its executive officers should hold a meaningful stake in Twin Disc in order to align their economic interests with those of the shareholders.  To that end, the Corporation has adopted stock ownership guidelines.  Stock ownership targets are equal to five times annual base salary for the President and CEO, two times annual base salary for the CFO and Executive Vice President and COO, and one times annual base salary for the remainder of the officer team.  Officers have a period of four years to attain their targeted ownership level.  The Committee monitors compliance with this guideline, using its discretion to address non-attainment issues.  Compliance is reviewed annually.

 

Prior to its repeal, Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code generally disallowed a tax deduction to public corporations for compensation over $1,000,000 for any fiscal year paid to the corporation’s chief executive officer and three other most highly compensated executive officers (other than the chief financial officer) in service as of the end of any fiscal year.  However, Section 162(m) also provided that qualifying performance-based compensation will not be subject to the deduction limit if certain requirements are met.  For awards of long-term compensation that were made prior to the repeal of Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Committee generally sought to structure the awards to meet the deductibility requirements under this provision.

 

The Committee also seeks to structure compensation amounts and arrangements so that they do not result in penalties for the executive officers under the Internal Revenue Code.  For example, Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code imposes substantial penalties and results in the loss of any tax deferral for nonqualified deferred compensation that does not meet the requirements of that section.  The Committee has structured the elements of the Corporation’s compensation program so that they either are not characterized as deferred compensation under Section 409A or meet the distribution, timing and other requirements of Section 409A.  Sections 280G and 4999 of the Internal Revenue Code and related provisions impose substantial excise taxes on so-called “excess parachute payments” payable to certain executive officers upon a change in control and result in the loss of the compensation deduction for such payments for the executive’s employer.  The Committee has structured the change in control payments under its severance agreements with the executive officers to avoid having benefits exceed the limitations and provisions of Sections 280G and 4999.

 

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Each year, the Committee reviews with management the design and operation of the Corporation’s compensation programs, including the performance objectives and target levels used in connection with awards under the Corporation’s annual and long-term incentive programs.  In addition, the Committee reviews all incentive plans for any risk-mitigating factors such as stock ownership guidelines, claw-back provisions, multiple performance metrics, a cap on the incentive payout, mix of incentive compensation to total direct compensation, discretionary evaluation components and vesting requirements.  The Committee also reviews the total maximum payout of the plans and the effect it has on the performance of the Corporation.  While the goals that the Committee establishes are challenging, the Committee has concluded that these goals do not provide employees of the Corporation an incentive to take unnecessary risk.  The Committee has concluded that the Corporation’s compensation policies and practices are not likely to have a material adverse effect on the Corporation.

 

Role of Executive Officers in Compensation Decisions

 

The Committee makes all compensation decisions for the President and CEO (Mr. Batten) and approves recommendations for compensation actions for all other elected officers of the Corporation.

 

As President and CEO, Mr. Batten annually reviews the performance of each elected officer with the Committee.   Recommendations based on these reviews, including those pertaining to salary adjustments, bonus payouts and equity compensation, are presented to the Committee.  The Committee may exercise its discretion in modifying any of the recommendations.

 

The Committee reviews the performance of the President and CEO.  It alone determines the salary adjustment, bonus payment and equity compensation awards for Mr. Batten.

 

Setting Executive Compensation

 

Based on the Corporation’s compensation objectives, the Committee has structured the executive officers’ total compensation program to motivate executives to achieve the business goals of the Corporation and to reward them for achieving such goals.

 

The elements of each executive’s compensation package include base salary, annual incentive compensation, long-term incentive compensation, benefits and perquisites.  Changes to compensation are determined at the beginning of each fiscal year and are dependent upon several factors, including, but not limited to, scope of responsibilities, the Corporation’s performance, individual performance, and competitive market practices.

 

The Corporation looks to establish each element of total direct compensation (i.e., base salary, annual incentive compensation, and the annualized value of long-term incentive compensation granted during the year) near the market median (50th percentile) for companies of a similar size and industry.  The Committee believes an executive’s target compensation is competitive if it falls within a band of plus or minus 15% from the competitive median of data.  Because a large portion of each executive’s long-term incentive compensation package consists of performance awards, actual payments of long-term incentive compensation and total direct compensation in any given year may fall significantly above or below the market median, based on the performance of the Corporation.

 

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The Committee periodically engages an independent consultant to review its compensation program for the officers of the Corporation, in order to provide information regarding market median compensation levels and the blend of short-term compensation to long-term types of compensation. The consultant provides the Committee with information regarding market compensation practices and alternatives to consider when making compensation decisions for the executives.  Historically, the consultant has not selected a peer group of companies to determine market competitiveness, but rather has used survey data compiled from several general industry compensation databases.  The consultant provides information to the Committee regarding the competitiveness of each element of compensation for comparable positions.  In addition to competitive data, the Committee considers the executive’s level of experience, length of service in his or her position, the level of responsibility of the position, the performance of the Corporation and sustained individual performance when setting or approving compensation levels.

 

Historically, a compensation consultant has been engaged to conduct a detailed review of competitive compensation data every two years.  Assuming an executive is at or near the market median for his or her position, salary increases for years that the Committee does not engage an independent consultant are determined using several factors.  First, the financial results of the Corporation are used to determine the amount of a merit pool that may be available across the entire Corporation.  Next, the Committee obtains general information from various sources regarding broad market trends in executive compensation. The Committee also reviews whether the Corporation and the executive team have achieved their overall objectives for the fiscal year.  Finally, the Committee evaluates whether each executive’s individual performance objectives have been achieved and to what level.  These factors will determine whether the executive will achieve an average increase (based on the merit pool and broad market trends), an above average increase or a below average increase.

 

For FY2014, the Committee engaged Willis Towers Watson (formerly Towers Watson), a global human resources firm, to conduct a detailed review of competitive compensation levels for similar positions in similar industries. For this analysis, Willis Towers Watson referenced several data sources, including:

 

 

2012 Towers Watson Compensation Databank (CDB)

 

2012 Towers Watson U.S. Top Management Compensation Study

 

Relative to each of the data sources, Willis Towers Watson referenced a broad sample of both general industry companies with revenues of less than $1 billion (CDB survey) and durable goods manufacturing companies with revenues between $100 million and $450 million (U.S. Top Management Compensation Study). The complete survey participant lists for each of the data sources are provided in Appendix B.

 

The Committee received information on the 25th, 50th and 75th percentiles of each element of executive compensation for comparable executive positions.  Because the samples included companies of similar size, only tabular data was used in the analysis, and not regression analysis. The Committee did not consider any specific peer group of companies when making competitive comparisons or compensation decisions, and the Committee did not specify targeted individual companies from among the Willis Towers Watson survey participants.

 

For FY2014, the base salaries of Messrs. Batten and Knutson were set within 10% of the competitive median. The base salary of Mr. Bratel was set slightly below 25% of the competitive median due to his lack of tenure in the new position. The target annual incentive bonus as a percent of base salary was set at the competitive median for each of Messrs. Batten, Knutson and Bratel. The target total cash compensation (consisting of base salary and annual incentive bonus payments) and target total direct compensation (consisting of base salary, annual incentive bonus and long-term incentive payments) of each named executive officer for FY2014 was set within 15% of the competitive median, with the exception of Mr. Bratel, whose target total cash compensation and target total direct compensation were 24% and 20% below the competitive median, respectively. In addition, the target total direct compensation of Mr. Batten was 17% higher than the competitive median due to several factors that included his impending promotion to CEO, the value of the position to the organization and internal equity considerations.

 

33

 

 

For FY2015, the Committee did not engage a compensation consultant to conduct a detailed review of competitive compensation data. It reviewed updated Willis Towers Watson survey information which was increased by 3% for base salary information and by 4% for long-term incentive compensation, to reflect compensation trends in the market. It used that information, along with the recommendations from Mr. Batten as described above and the company-wide merit pool, in determining the elements of each executive’s compensation package for FY2015.

 

For FY2016, the Corporation again engaged Willis Towers Watson to provide a detailed review of the officer’s compensation program. The results of that review were used by the Committee for informational purposes only. Due to a global salary and wage freeze at all operations, the Committee voted to maintain officer salaries at their then-current levels. In November of 2015, due to continued weakening in the Corporation’s performance, all company officers participated in a Racine-based salary reduction program. Named Executive Officers received a 6% reduction in their base salary, except for Mr. Batten, who received a 10% reduction.

 

For FY2017, the Committee did not engage a compensation consultant for review of competitive compensation data. Due to the continuing wage and salary freeze at all operations, all Named Executive Officers’ salaries were maintained at their reduced FY2016 levels, with the exception of Mr. Moore who received a 6.4% increase due to his promotion to Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer. Mr. Moore’s salary increase was recommended by Mr. Batten and approved by the Committee. Willis Towers Watson provided updated COO salary information for companies of similar size, which was used for informational purposes only and not to benchmark Mr. Moore’s salary to a specific target. In November 2016, salaries were partially reinstated and in May 2017, all reductions in salaries were fully reinstated. When Mr. Nelson was hired to his position as Vice President – Operations in December 2016, his base salary, target annual incentive bonus and long-term incentive bonus were determined by management, in consultation with members of the Committee, based on internal pay equities and through negotiations with Mr. Nelson.

 

For FY2018, the Committee did not engage a compensation consultant for review of competitive compensation data. The Committee referred to the Company’s FY2018 merit guidelines, using the FY2016 Willis Towers Watson study for reference only. Messrs. Batten and Moores’ salaries were maintained at their restored FY2017 levels, Mr. Knutson and Ms. Wilcox received a 3.0% increase, and Messrs. Nelson and Bratel each received a 2.2% increase. On February 1, 2018, the Committee approved a subsequent 5.4% increase for Mr. Nelson due to his role in the performance improvements at the Racine manufacturing operation.

 

For FY2019, the Committee engaged Willis Towers Watson as a compensation consultant to review competitive compensation data. It used the Willis Towers Watson competitive data, the recommendations of the CEO and the FY2017 shareholder advisory vote on executive compensation in determining the elements of each executive’s compensation package for FY2019.

 

Base Salary

 

The Corporation provides executive officers with a base salary to compensate them for services rendered during the fiscal year, their level of responsibility and experience within the Corporation, and their sustained individual performance.  Individual performance is measured through the Corporation’s annual performance evaluation process.  Pay for individual performance rewards executives for achieving goals that may not be immediately evident in common financial measurements.

 

Base salaries are reviewed each year by the Committee.  As discussed above, salary levels have historically been compared to the market median (i.e. 50th percentile), as determined by using survey data and as determined by external consultants, in order to ensure executives are paid a competitive salary, aiding in attraction and retention. However, due to the Racine-based salary reduction program referenced earlier, prior to FY2019 the Committee did not engage an external compensation consultant to conduct a detailed review of competitive compensation data since setting compensation for FY2014.

 

34

 

 

Base salary adjustments, as may be appropriate, are determined annually and may be based on individual, team or Corporation performance results, as well as other factors including changes to job scope or responsibilities. In addition, market adjustments to base salary may be indicated when an incumbent is more than 15% below the market median and has been in the job longer than 2-3 years.  Market adjustments may also be used to retain valuable employees in a competitive labor market.

 

The Corporation uses a performance management system to set individual objectives for each executive.  This system allows for the annual evaluation of both performance goal achievement and competency development.  When evaluating individual performance, the Committee considers the executive’s effort in promoting corporate values; achieving both short and longer-term objectives; improving product quality; developing relationships with customers, suppliers, and employees; demonstrating leadership abilities among coworkers; and achievement of other individualized goals set as a part of the performance management system.

 

The Committee determines and approves base salary adjustments for the President and CEO, and approves base salary adjustments for the members of the executive officer team based on the recommendations from the President and CEO.  Generally, executive base salaries are increased at rates comparable to the increases provided at other comparable companies and are at or near market levels.

 

In July 2015, the Committee decided to maintain base salaries at then-current levels in FY2016 for the Named Executive Officers due to a global salary and wage freeze at all operations. Effective in November 2015, the Named Executive Officers participated in a Racine-based salary reduction program. All Officers received a 6% reduction in base salary, with the exception of Mr. Batten who received a 10% reduction.

 

For FY2017, the Committee maintained all Named Executive Officers’ then-current base salaries, with the exception of Mr. Moore, at their current levels, due to a continuing salary and wage freeze at all operations. Mr. Moore received a 6.4% salary increase due to his promotion to Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer.

 

In November 2016, the Committee decided to reinstate 50% of the salary reductions to the Named Executive Officers, after one year of reduced salaries. In May of 2017, the Committee reinstated the remainder of the salary reductions for the Named Executive Officers, after eighteen months of reduced salaries.

 

For FY2018, the Committee maintained the base salaries of Messrs. Batten and Moore, and increased the base salaries of Mr. Knutson and Ms. Wilcox by 3.0% and Messrs. Nelson and Bratel by 2.2%. The Committee also approved a 5.4% merit increase in Mr. Nelson’s base salary in February 2018.

 

For FY2019, the Committee maintained the base salary of Mr. Moore and increased the base salaries of Mr. Batten by 20%, Mr. Knutson by 4.8%, Mr. Bratel by 5.3% and Ms. Wilcox by 3.4%. The greater increase for Mr. Batten was due to the fact that his base salary was determined to be below the market median.

 

Annual Incentive Compensation

 

Executive officers and selected key management participate in an annual incentive plan called the Corporate Incentive Plan (“CIP”).  This plan provides executives with the opportunity to receive annual cash incentives for achieving corporate, business unit and individual performance goals.

 

35

 

 

The Committee reviews the CIP’s design annually and approves any CIP design changes or amendments.  It also reviews and approves annual goals, and certifies the achievement of performance targets, based on the financial statements of the Corporation. Cash incentive payments are made after the end of each fiscal year, dependent upon corporate, business unit or individual goal achievement.  In no event may the payout be more than 200% of the target.

 

For FY2018, the target bonuses as a percentage of base salary were set at 75% for Mr. Batten, 50% for Messrs. Knutson, Moore, Nelson and Bratel, and 40% for Ms. Wilcox. The CIP targets for the Named Executive Officers were set as listed below.

 

Objective

 

Weight

   

Target

   

Results

 

EBITDA

    40 %    

Target:

Threshold:

Maximum:

$9,840,000

$4,806,240

$14,840,000

  $26,656,000  
                         

Trade Working

Capital (% of Sales)

    20 %    

Target =

Threshold =

Maximum =

37.0%

41.0%

33.0%

  32.3%  
                         

Sales Revenue

    20 %    

Target =

Threshold =

Maximum =

$195,756,000

$176,592,000

$215,756,000

  $240,733,000  
                         

Strategic Objectives

    20 %    

Discretionary award based on select individual initiatives for FY2018

       

 

 

 


 

The following table reconciles EBITDA for purposes of bonus measurement to the Corporation’s net income:

 

Net Earnings (Loss)

  $ 9,647,000  

Plus: Interest Expense

    282,000  

Tax Expense (Benefit)

    4,773,000  

Depreciation and Amortization

    6,495,000  

Restructuring Charges

    3,397,000  

Non-Cash Stock Compensation

    2,062,000  

EBITDA

  $ 26,656,000  

 

The amounts payable based on achievement of individual initiatives were discretionary and were largely based on qualitative performance goals that varied among the Named Executive Officers. For FY2018, the Named Executive Officers received payments under this portion of the CIP in the range of 185% - 198% of target.

 

An executive’s incentive payment under the CIP may be increased or decreased by up to 20%, at the discretion of the Committee, based on the recommendations of the President and CEO, if the executive’s individual performance goals are either exceeded or not achieved and other factors deemed important by the Committee.  The Committee alone makes decisions regarding adjustments to the President and CEO’s annual incentive award.

 

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For FY2019, the Committee reviewed and approved the performance goals recommended for the CIP. The CIP will pay out if certain EBITDA, trade working capital, sales growth, and strategic objectives (individual achievement) are achieved.

 

The Committee reviewed the recommendations and approved the target bonus percentages for each officer. The Committee discussed and determined the bonus percentage amount for Mr. Batten. For FY2019, the target bonus percentage of base salary will be 75% for Mr. Batten and 50% for Messrs. Knutson, Moore, and Bratel, and 40% for Ms. Wilcox.

 

Long-Term Incentive Compensation

 

The Twin Disc, Incorporated 2010 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan (“2010 LTI Plan”), which was amended and restated on July 31, 2015 and approved by the Corporation’s shareholders at the annual meeting in October 2015, provides for the opportunity for officers and key employees of the Corporation (and its subsidiaries) to acquire common stock of the Corporation or cash payments via stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance stock awards, performance stock unit awards or performance unit awards.  In keeping with the Corporation’s commitment to provide a total compensation package that includes at-risk components of pay, the Committee makes annual decisions regarding the appropriate type of long-term incentives for each executive.

 

The granting of performance stock encourages a pay for performance approach, aligning the interests of the executive with the economic goals of the Corporation and the shareholders.  The granting of restricted stock is based on a number of factors that include rewarding sustained individual performance, increasing an executive’s ownership in the Corporation, and addressing retention concerns.  Restricted stock may also be used to incent executives in times of global economic instability when future values of stock options, performance stock and performance stock units become more unpredictable.

 

The composition of an executive’s long-term compensation – e.g., performance stock and restricted stock – is determined by the Committee.  The executive has no role or choice whether to receive incentive compensation in the form of performance stock, restricted stock, or other forms.

 

The Committee establishes the vesting criteria, including the performance goals that must be achieved in order for the award to vest.  Grants are made at the beginning of each fiscal year, or as determined by the Committee, for the ensuing multi-year cycle period.

 

The Committee uses external consultants and survey information as a guideline when considering long-term incentive awards for management.  The Committee reviews competitiveness of awards under the LTI Plan annually and obtains a periodic independent review.  In addition, the Committee reviews and approves LTI Plan changes as necessary, and ensures the LTI Plan’s compliance with shareholder approval requirements.

 

In FY2018, all of the Named Executive Officers received awards of performance stock.  The Committee determined that the long-term incentive awards granted in FY2018 would use a combination of the following performance goals and weightings for the three-year performance period ending in FY2020: (i) average return on invested capital (40%); average annual sales revenue (30%), and (iii) average earnings per share (30%). In addition, the possible range of long-term incentive payments for each performance goal was established as 50% - 150% of the target. These shares will vest on June 30, 2020 if the specific measures are achieved within the payout range.

 

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In order to incent and retain the Corporation’s executives, shares of restricted stock were also granted to all Named Executive Officers in FY2018.  These shares will vest August 2, 2020 provided the executive remains employed with the Corporation until the vesting date.

 

In July 2018, the Committee reviewed the performance objective established in July of 2015 for the vesting of performance stock and performance stock units granted in July 2015 under the LTI Plan.  The objective is listed below:

 

Performance Objective: Cumulative Economic Profit, Average Net Sales and Relative Total Shareholder Return (“TSR”) for the three fiscal years ending 6/30/18 at the achievement levels specified below. Cumulative Economic Profit and Average Net Sales are each weighted at 40% of the performance objective, and Relative TSR is weighted at 20% of the performance objective.

 

Performance Objective as

of June 30, 2018

 

  

Economic Profit

(40%)

Average Net Sales

(40%)

Relative TSR

(20%)

Maximum

$7,000,000

$475,000,000

75% of Peers

Target

$3,000,000

$350,000,000

50% of Peers

Threshold

$1

$300,000,000

25% of Peers

 

Economic profit is calculated by taking Net Operating Profit after Tax (“NOPAT”) less (or as a percentage of) a Capital Charge (Average Invested Capital x Cost of Capital).

 

Average Invested Capital is defined as total assets less non-interest bearing liabilities less accrued retirement benefits less excess cash, computed on monthly trailing 13-month basis. For FY2016-FY2018, excess cash was defined as cash in excess of approximately 1.5% of net sales.

 

Relative TSR is defined as the total shareholder return in relation to the S & P Machinery Index for the three-year period ending 6/30/18.

 

The Committee determined, subject to audit, that the Corporation’s economic profit for the cumulative three-year period ending June 30, 2018 was $(29,493,291) and the Average Net Sales for the same period was $190,830,000. Neither of those measures was achieved, as threshold levels were not met. They then determined that the Relative TSR was 48.4% of its peer group. As a result, performance share awards vested at 19.36% of the target.

 

For FY2019, the Committee used performance measures that had been used in setting the long-term incentive plan for FY2018. The long-term incentive awards granted in FY2019 use a combination of the following performance goals and weightings for the three fiscal year performance period ending June 30, 2021: (i) average return on invested capital (also known as average return on total capital) (40%), (ii) average sales revenue (30%), and (iii) average earnings per share (30%). In addition, the possible range of long-term incentive payments for each performance goal will be 50% - 150% of the target. The Committee awarded only performance stock and restricted stock units as long-term incentive awards in FY2019.

 

Benefits

 

The Corporation believes it is necessary to also recognize the efforts of its officer group and senior management in the area of benefits and perquisites.  The Committee annually reviews the Corporation’s benefit programs for competitiveness and uses external consultants and surveys as a reference when necessary.  It approves the addition, modification or deletion of any executive benefit program, as well as the eligibility of any specific executive for a program.

 

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Qualified Retirement Plans

 

The Twin Disc, Incorporated Retirement Savings Plan for Salaried Employees (“Savings Plan”) provides non-contributory retirement benefits to all Twin Disc, Incorporated salaried employees hired prior to October 1, 2003. The Savings Plan was established August 1, 2009 to provide a retirement benefit similar to the one previously provided under the Twin Disc, Incorporated Retirement Plan for Salaried Employees, discussed below, in a defined contribution format.

 

Employer contributions under the Savings Plan are based on a percentage of annual compensation, from 4.5% to 6.5%, based on years of service.  This contribution is deposited into an individual investment account, in which the individual directs his or her own investment elections, within an array of choices.

 

The Savings Plan does not allow employee contributions.  Employer contributions, which are made annually, are 100% vested.

 

The Twin Disc, Incorporated Retirement Plan for Salaried Employees (“Retirement Plan”) provides non-contributory retirement benefits to all Twin Disc, Incorporated salaried employees hired prior to October 1, 2003.  The Retirement Plan was amended to freeze future benefit accruals as of August 1, 2009.

 

Prior to January 1, 1997 benefits in the Retirement Plan were based upon both years of service and the employees’ highest consecutive 5-year average annual compensation during the last 10 calendar years of service.  As of December 31, 1996, the then-current accrued benefits under the Retirement Plan were frozen and the Retirement Plan was amended to provide for future accruals under a cash-balance program. Mr. Bratel is the only Named Executive Officer eligible for an accrued benefit under the pre-1997 Retirement Plan with 9.5 years of pre-January 1, 1997 credited service.

 

The Retirement Plan was amended on January 1, 1997 to add a cash balance formula for post January 1, 1997 accruals.  Benefits under the Retirement Plan are generally equal to the sum of the benefits as frozen on December 31, 1996, plus benefits that accumulated under the cash balance formula from January 1, 1997 through July 31, 2009.  Benefits under the cash balance formula are generally stated as a lump sum amount, but may be distributed as a lump sum or as an annuity.  Prior to August 1, 2009, accruals under the cash balance formula were based on a percentage of compensation, from 4.5% to 6.5%, based on years of service, with interest credits at the thirty-year U.S. Treasury Bond rate, or other such rate mandated by the IRS in substitution of the 30-year Treasury rate, with a minimum guarantee of 3%.

 

The Twin Disc, Incorporated – The Accelerator 401(k) Savings Plan (“401(k) Plan”) is a tax-qualified retirement savings plan to which all Twin Disc, Incorporated employees, including the Named Executive Officers, are able to contribute up to the limit prescribed by the Internal Revenue Service on a pre-tax or after-tax (Roth) basis.  The Corporation will match 50% of the first 6% of pay that is contributed to the 401(k) Plan.  All contributions to the 401(k) Plan, as well as any matching contributions, are fully vested upon contribution.

 

Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan

 

The Corporation extends a supplemental retirement plan, called the Twin Disc, Incorporated, Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (“SERP”), to certain qualified officers.  It is the Corporation’s current practice to not add new officers to the SERP. For those eligible participants (including Messrs. Batten and Bratel and Ms. Wilcox) the SERP benefit is calculated as the additional benefit that the participant would have received at retirement under the Twin Disc, Incorporated Retirement Savings Plan for Salaried Employees and the frozen Twin Disc, Incorporated Retirement Plan for Salaried Employees, but for the limitation on compensation used in determining benefits under those plans. SERP benefits of all Named Executive Officers who are eligible participants are stated as individual accounts.

 

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The SERP benefit is payable in two lump sum payments, which are paid on the first and second February 1 in the years following retirement. However, if the commencement of benefits is based on the participant’s separation from service, the first payment will not be made sooner than six months after the participant’s separation.  The maximum payment in any given year is $500,000 and any amounts in excess of $500,000 will be paid in the third and subsequent years following retirement.

 

Executive Life Insurance

 

The Corporation provides an endorsement split-dollar life insurance benefit to certain Named Executive Officers who were in their positions prior to January 1, 2015.  The Corporation’s current practice is to not provide this benefit to new officers. While employed, the death benefit for an executive is generally equal to three times his or her annual base salary, although exceptions may occur due to other compensation arrangements. At the later of retirement or the 15th anniversary of the policy, the Corporation will recover its share of the total premiums paid throughout the life of the policy from the cash value.  At that time, the ownership of the remaining policy and corresponding cash values are transferred to the executive.  Information regarding this benefit is detailed in the “All Other Compensation” column of the Summary Compensation Table.

 

Officers who obtained their positions on or after January 1, 2015 are eligible for a term life insurance benefit equal to approximately three times their base salary, subject to certain limitations that may apply regarding insurability or maximum insurance levels.

 

Change in Control Agreements

 

The Corporation has change in control severance agreements with each of its executive officers, which were most recently updated in August 2018.  If a change in control occurs (as defined in the agreements) and the executive thereafter terminates employment under circumstances specified in the agreements, the executive is entitled to certain severance benefits. Severance benefits for Named Executive Officers would consist of the sum of the executive’s annual base salary (as defined in the agreements) in effect immediately prior to the circumstances giving rise to the executive’s termination, plus the greater of the executive’s annual bonus for the fiscal year preceding termination (or, if no annual bonus was paid in that year, the average of the annual bonuses for the three fiscal years preceding termination) or target annual bonus for the fiscal year of termination, times a multiple (2.5 for Mr. Batten, 2.0 for Mr. Knutson and Mr. Moore, and 1.5 for Mr. Bratel and Ms. Wilcox).  In addition, the executive would be entitled to the cash value over the exercise price of any shares of common stock subject to unexercised stock options held by the executive, and fringe benefits would continue for 24 months following termination.  The agreements are specifically designed to avoid having benefits exceed the limitations and provisions of Section 280G of the Internal Revenue Code.

 

The performance stock and performance stock unit award agreements and the restricted stock and restricted stock unit grant agreements between the Corporation and its Named Executive Officers have certain change in control provisions.  Specifically, if a change in control (as defined in the agreements) occurs and the employee thereafter terminates employment under circumstances specified in the agreements, all performance stock and performance stock units shall immediately vest as if the performance objectives had been fully achieved, all restricted shares shall become freely transferable and non-forfeitable, and all restricted stock units shall immediately vest and the related shares shall be delivered.

 

Other Personal Benefits and Perquisites

 

Twin Disc’s Named Executive Officers, along with other executive officers and senior management, are occasionally provided a limited number of perquisites whose primary purpose is to minimize distractions from personal issues to focus the executive’s attention on important initiatives of the Corporation.  An item is not a perquisite if it is integrally related to the performance of the executive’s duties.

 

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Summary Compensation Table

 

The following table summarizes the “total compensation” of the Corporation’s Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and its three most highly compensated executive officers for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018. The list of Named Executive Officers also includes the former Vice President - Operations of the Corporation, as he would have been listed as one of the three most highly compensated executive officers but for the fact that he was no longer employed at the end of the fiscal year. It should be noted that the total compensation as reported by the Summary Compensation Table follows specific SEC requirements for reporting compensation, and does not reflect the target or actual compensation for the Named Executive Officers for the fiscal year.

 

 

Name and Principal Position

 

Year

   

Salary

   

(1)

Stock

Awards

   

(2)

Non-Equity

Incentive Plan

Compensation

   

(3)

Change in

Pension

Value and Nonqualified

Deferred

Compensation

Earnings

   

(4)

All Other

Compens-

ation

   

Total

 
                                                         
 

John H. Batten

 

2018

    $

500,001

    $

654,806

    $

727,500

    $

3,882

    $

107,839

    $

1,994,028

 
 

President and Chief

 

2017

    $

488,463

    $

489,377

    $

133,250

    $

4,218

    $

67,523

    $

1,182,831

 
 

Executive Officer 

 

2016

    $

469,232

    $

495,542

    $

0

    $

4,581

    $

95,404

    $

1,064,759

 
                                                         
 

Jeffrey S. Knutson

 

2018

    $

322,309

    $

275,978

    $

318,010

     

-

    $

33,121

    $

949,418

 
 

Vice President – Finance,

 

2017

    $

315,484

    $

206,254

    $

67,725

     

-

    $

33,247

    $

622,710

 
 

CFO, Treasurer and Sec’y

 

2016

    $

303,368

    $

208,849 

    $

0

     

-

    $

32,856

    $

545,073

 
                                                         
 

Malcolm F. Moore

 

2018

    $

397,500

    $

118,745

    $

367,688

     

-

    $

49,257

    $

933,190

 
 

Executive Vice President,

 

2017

    $

396,347

    $

283,229

    $

79,500

     

-

    $

55,568

    $

814,644

 
 

Chief Operating Officer

 

2016

    $

351,057

    $

323,219

    $

0

     

-

    $

39,759

    $

714,035

 
                                                         
 

Dean J. Bratel

 

2018

    $

279,617

    $

250,886

    $

275,380

     

-

    $

55,766

    $

861,649

 
 

Vice President – Sales

 

2017

    $

275,424

    $

187,505

    $

52,250

    $

4,221

    $

51,777

    $

571,177

 
 

and Applied Technology

 

2016

    $

264,847

    $

189,867

    $

0

    $

15,515

    $

60,236

    $

530,465

 
                                                         
 

Denise L. Wilcox

 

2018

    $

235,386

    $

160,582

    $

183,912

    $

3,035

    $

70,292

    $

653,207

 
 

Vice President – Human

 

2017

    $

230,354

    $

120,007

    $

39,560

    $

2,906

    $

69,860

    $

462,687

 
 

Resources

 

2016

    $

221,507

    $

121,523

    $

0

    $

3.271

    $

67,999

    $

418,640

 
                                                         
 

Donald J. Nelson (5)

 

2018

    $

236,347

    $

296,956

    $

0

     

-

    $

223,808

    $

757,111

 
 

Former Vice President – 

 

2017

    $

181,250

    $

640,270

    $

66,625

     

-

    $

4,127

    $

892,272

 
 

Operations

                                                     

 

(1)

Reflects the aggregate grant date fair value for each Named Executive Officer computed in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board ASC Topic 718, excluding the effect of estimated forfeitures. The performance awards are calculated as of the grant date, based on the most probable outcomes of the respective performance goals. The aggregate grant date fair values of the performance-based awards granted in fiscal 2018, assuming the maximum performance goal is achieved, are as follows: Mr. Batten, $491,113; Mr. Knutson, $206,992; Mr. Moore, $0; Mr. Bratel, $188,173; Ms. Wilcox, $120,445; and Mr. Nelson $222,717. These calculations are based on the closing share price on the date of grant of $17.00 for those shares granted on 8/2/2017.

 

41

 

 

  The following table presents separately the compensation expense recognized in FY2018, 2017, and 2016 for outstanding awards of performance stock and restricted stock for Messrs. Batten, Knutson, Moore and Bratel and Ms. Wilcox; and the compensation expense recognized in FY2018 and FY2017 for outstanding awards of performance stock and restricted stock for Mr. Nelson.

 

 

Name

 

Year

   

Performance Stock

   

Restricted Stock

   
 

John H. Batten

 

2018

    $

216,220

    $

330,709

   
     

2017

    $

20,225

    $

329,938

   
     

2016

    $

18,539

    $

313,785

   
 

Jeffrey S. Knutson

 

2018

    $

91,130

    $

139,583

   
     

2017

    $

8,526

    $

141,004

   
     

2016

    $

7,816

    $

128,208

   
 

Malcolm F. Moore

 

2018

    $

56,190

    $

233,127

   
     

2017

    $

11,001

    $

119,204

   
     

2016

    $

10,084

    $

109,695

   
 

Dean J. Bratel

 

2018

    $

82,843

    $

126,711

   
     

2017

    $

7,746

    $

126,869

   
     

2016

    $

7,101

    $

125,600

   
 

Denise L. Wilcox

 

2018

    $

53,026

    $

81,100

   
     

2017

    $

4,961

    $

81,392

   
     

2016

    $

4,547

    $

83,210

   
 

Donald J. Nelson

 

2018

    $

0

    ($

6,359

)  
     

2017

    $

0

    $

209,849

   

 

(2)

Reflects cash bonuses earned in connection with achievement of specific performance targets under the Corporate Incentive Plan, described under the “Annual Incentive Compensation” portion of the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, above.

(3)

The figures reflect the change in qualified pension amounts for each of the Named Executive Officers.

(4)

All Other Compensation consists of the following for each of the Named Executive Officers except Mr. Nelson:

 

 

Name

   

401(k)

Company

Match

   

Retirement

Savings

Plan

Contribution

   

Defined

Contribution

SERP

   

Life

Insurance

   

Perquisites

and

Personal

Benefits

   

Total

 
 

J.H. Batten

    $ 8,370     $ 17,550     $ 23,049     $ 29,000     $ 29,870     $ 107,839  
 

J.S. Knutson

    $ 8,351       N/A       N/A     $ 24,770       -     $ 33,121  
 

M.F. Moore

    $ 8,207       N/A       N/A     $ 11,397     $ 29,653     $ 49,257  
 

D.J. Bratel

    $ 7,915     $ 17,550     $ 3,641     $ 26,660       -     $ 55,766  
 

D.L. Wilcox

    $ 6,844     $ 14,798     $ 0     $ 48,650       -     $ 70,292  

 

The Corporation’s Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (“SERP”) was restated during FY2011 to provide a defined contribution formula for the benefits of Messrs. Batten, Bratel and Ms. Wilcox. Mr. Knutson, Mr. Moore and Mr. Nelson do not participate in the SERP.

 

Messrs. Batten, Knutson, Bratel and Ms. Wilcox participate in an endorsement split-dollar life insurance plan. Mr. Moore participates in a term life insurance plan and Mr. Nelson participated in the group life insurance program available to all employees.

 

The amount shown for Mr. Nelson in the All Other Compensation column of the Summary Compensation Table includes severance payments paid in FY2018 ($80,770), severance payments payable in FY2019 ($94,231), accrued vacation paid at termination ($20,192), a 401(k) company match ($7,500) and premiums for group life insurance ($1,127). It also includes perquisites and personal benefits consisting of outplacement services and health insurance premium subsidies, neither of which exceed the greater of $25,000 or 10% of the total amount of perquisites and personal benefits.

 

Perquisites and Personal Benefits for Mr. Batten for FY2018 consist of personal use of the company plane ($12,735), supplemental long-term disability premiums ($10, 078), executive physical expenses and country club dues. Perquisites and Personal Benefits for Mr. Moore for FY2018 consist of temporary housing benefits ($25,000) and premiums paid for supplemental long-term disability insurance. The aggregate total of perquisites and personal benefits for each of the remaining Named Executive Officers was less than $10,000 for FY2018, and therefore need not be disclosed or included in such Named Executive Officers’ “Other Compensation” total.

 

(5)

Mr. Nelson ended his employment with the Company on March 16, 2018.

 

42

 

 

Grants of Plan-Based Awards

 

The following table provides information on incentive awards granted to our Named Executive Officers during FY2018.

 

 

             

 

Estimated Future Cash Incentive

Payouts Under Non-Equity

Incentive Plan Awards

   

Estimated Future Share or

Unit Payouts Under Equity

Incentive Plan Awards

                 
 

Name

   

Grant

Date

   

Threshold

($)

   

Target

($)

   

Maximum

($)

   

Threshold

(#)

   

Target

(#)

   

Maximum

(#)

   

All other

stock

awards;

Number of

shares of

stock or

units (2)

   

Grant Date

Fair Value of

Stock and

Option Awards

(3)

 
 

J.H. Batten

                                                                       
 

 

Cash Incentive

          $ 187,500     $ 375,000     $ 750,000                                          
 

Performance Stock Awards (1)

    8/2/17                               9,630       19,259       28,889             $ 327,403  
 

Restricted Stock Award

    8/2/17                                                       19,259     $ 327,403  
 

J.S. Knutson

                                                                       
 

 

Cash Incentive

          $ 81,125     $ 162,250     $ 324,500                                          
 

Performance Stock Awards (1)

    8/2/17                               4,059       8,117       12.176             $ 137,989  
 

Restricted Stock Award

    8/2/17                                                       8,117     $ 137,989  
 

M.F. Moore

                                                                       
 

 

Cash Incentive

          $ 99,375     $ 198,750     $ 397,500                                          
 

Performance Stock Awards (1)

    NA                                                                  
 

Restricted Stock Award

    8/2/17                                                       6,985     $ 118,745  
 

D.J. Bratel

                                                                       
 

 

Cash Incentive

          $ 70,250     $ 140,500     $ 281,000                                          
 

Performance Stock Awards (1)

    8/2/17                               3,690       7,379       11,069             $ 125,443  
 

Restricted Stock Award

    8/2/17                                                       7,379     $ 125,443  
 

D.L. Wilcox

                                                                       
 

 

Cash Incentive

          $ 47,400     $ 94,800     $ 189,600                                          
 

Performance Stock Awards (1)

    8/2/17                               2,362       4,723       7,085             $ 80,291  
 

Restricted Stock Award

    8/2/17                                                       4,723     $ 80,291  
 

D.J. Nelson

                                                                       
 

 

Cash Incentive

          $ 87,500     $ 175,000     $ 350,000                                          
 

Performance Stock Awards (1)

    8/2/17                               4,367       8,734       13,101             $ 148,478  
 

Restricted Stock Award

    8/2/17                                                       8,734     $ 148,478  

 

 

(1)

Consists of stock awards with performance-based vesting criteria, as discussed in the “Long-Term Compensation” section of the Compensation Discussion and Analysis; eligible for vesting in 2020.

 

(2)

Consists of restricted stock with a vesting date of August 2, 2020. This stock will vest if the executive remains employed through the vesting date.

 

(3)

The grant date fair values are calculated using the closing price of Twin Disc shares on the August 2, 2017 grant date ($17.00).

 

43

 

 

Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End

 

The following table summarizes the number of restricted stock, performance stock and performance stock unit awards held by our Named Executive Officers on June 30, 2018. The Named Executive Officers had no outstanding exercisable or unexercisable options outstanding on June 30, 2018.

 

 

       

Stock Awards

 
 

Name

   

Number of Shares or

Units of Stock That

Have Not Vested

   

Market Value of

Shares or Units of

Stock That Have Not

Vested

   

Equity Incentive Plan

Awards: Number of

Unearned Shares,

Units or Other Rights

That Have Not Vested

(1)

   

Equity Incentive Plan

Awards: Market or

Payout Value of

Unearned Shares,

Units or Other Rights

That Have Not Vested

(2)

 
 

J.H. Batten

                      113,254     $ 2,810,964  
 

J.S. Knutson

                      47,733     $ 1,184,733  
 

M.F. Moore

                      49,390     $ 1,225,860  
 

D.J. Bratel

                      43,393     $ 1,077,014  
 

D.L. Wilcox

                      27,774     $ 689,351  
 

D.J. Nelson

                      -       -  

 

(1)

Reflects the number of non-vested restricted stock awards, performance stock awards and performance stock unit awards that are scheduled to vest at various times between July 2018 and July 2020. For awards granted in fiscal 2016, restricted shares are outstanding and are assumed to vest completely and performance shares are assumed to vest at 19.36% of target. For awards granted in fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2018 with Threshold/Target/Maximum payout levels, the figures presented assume a threshold level of achievement for the awards granted in fiscal 2017 and a target level of achievement for the awards granted in fiscal 2018.

(2)

Values were calculated using $24.82 per share, the closing price of the Corporation’s common stock as of June 29, 2018.

 

44

 

 

Option Exercises and Stock Vested

 

The following table sets forth information regarding each exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock and performance stock that occurred during FY2018 for each of our Named Executive Officers.

 

       

Stock Awards

 
 

Name

   

Number of Shares

Acquired on Vesting

   

Value Realized on

Vesting

 
 

J.H. Batten

      10,736     $ 181,546  
 

J.S. Knutson

      5,478     $ 92,633  
 

M.F. Moore

      -       -  
 

D.J. Bratel

      4,113     $ 69,551  
 

D.L. Wilcox

      2,633     $ 44,524  
 

D.J. Nelson

      14,000     $ 364,140  

 

Pension Benefits

 

The following table summarizes the actuarial present value of each Named Executive Officer’s accumulated benefits as of June 30, 2018 under our defined benefit pension plan.

 

 

Name

   

Plan Name

   

Number of

Years of

Credited Service

(Salaried

Retirement Plan

as of plan freeze

date)

   

Present Value of

Accumulated

Benefits (1)

   

Payments

During Last

Fiscal Year

 
 

J.H. Batten

   

Retirement Plan for Salaried Employees

      13.0     $ 145,829       -  
                                   
 

J.S. Knutson

   

N/A (2)

                         
                                   
 

M.F. Moore

   

N/A (2)

                         
                                   
 

D.J. Bratel

   

Retirement Plan for Salaried Employees

      22.5     $ 213,521       -  
                                   
 

D.L. Wilcox

   

Retirement Plan for Salaried Employees

      11.0     $ 105,483       -  
                                   
 

D.J. Nelson

   

N/A (2)

                         

 

 

 

(1)

The following key assumptions were made in calculating the present value of the qualified retirement plan. For Messrs. Batten and Bratel and Ms. Wilcox, the key assumptions include a 4.21% discount rate and a retirement age of 65. No mortality assumption was used prior to retirement. After retirement, the mortality assumption is the Gender-specific RP-2014 table with generational mortality improvements.

 

(2)

Messrs. Knutson, Moore, and Nelson do not participate in the Retirement Plan for Salaried Employees because they were hired after October 1, 2003, the date that the plan was closed to new employees.

 

45

 

 

Retirement Plan for Salaried Employees

 

All full-time Twin Disc, Incorporated salaried employees employed before October 1, 2003 participate in the Twin Disc, Incorporated Retirement Plan for Salaried Employees (“Retirement Plan”). Eligibility for retirement occurs upon reaching one of the following age and service requirements: a) Age 65 with 5 years of service; b) Age 60 with 10 years of service; c) 30 years of service at any age; or d) age plus service equals 85 points. Mr. Bratel is currently the only Named Executive Officer that is eligible for retirement.

 

Prior to January 1, 1997, Retirement Plan benefits were based upon both years of service and the employees’ highest consecutive 5-year average annual compensation during the last 10 calendar years of service. As of December 31, 1996, the then-current accrued benefits under the Retirement Plan were frozen and the Retirement Plan was amended to provide for future accruals under a cash-balance program. Mr. Bratel is the only Named Executive Officers with a benefit under both the pre-1997 portion of the Retirement Plan and the cash balance program.

 

Subsequently, the Retirement Plan was amended to freeze all future benefit accruals, effective August 1, 2009.

 

The definition of compensation for purposes of calculating the pension benefit includes W-2 income, excluding any expense reimbursements or taxable fringe benefits, and is limited by the IRS maximum compensation as determined each year. In calendar years 2016, 2017 and 2018, the annual limits were $265,000, $270,000 and $275,000, respectively.

 

Benefits under the frozen Retirement Plan are payable in a monthly annuity form, with either a single life or joint and survivor life benefit option. Benefits under the cash balance program are payable in a lump sum payment, or single life or joint and survivor annuity benefit options.

 

Nonqualified Defined Contribution and Other Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plans

 

The following table summarizes accumulated benefits as of June 30, 2018 under our Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan for each Named Executive Officer with a benefit under a defined contribution formula under that plan.

 

 

Name

   

Executive

Contributions

in Last FY

   

Registrant

Contributions

in Last FY (1)

   

Aggregate

Earnings in

Last FY

   

Aggregate

Withdrawals/

Distributions

   

Aggregate

Balance at Last

FYE

 
 

J.H. Batten

    $ 0     $ 23,049     $ 5,282     $ 0     $ 192,953  
                                             
 

J.S. Knutson

      N/A       N/A       N/A       N/A       N/A  
                                             
 

M.F. Moore

      N/A       N/A       N/A       N/A       N/A  
                                             
 

D.J. Bratel

    $ 0     $ 3,641     $ 1,108     $ 0     $ 39,897  
                                             
 

D.L. Wilcox

    $ 0     $ 0     $ 822     $ 0     $ 28,234  
                                             
 

D.J. Nelson

      N/A       N/A       N/A       N/A       N/A  

 

(1)

The amounts reported in the “Registrant Contributions in Last FY” column are credits to a bookkeeping account maintained by the Corporation for the benefit of the Named Executive Officer, and are included in the “All Other Compensation” figures of the Summary Compensation Table.

 

46

 

 

Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan

 

The Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (“SERP”) is available to qualified US-based Named Executive Officers, including Messrs. Batten and Bratel. It is the Corporation’s current practice to allow no additional participants in this plan. The supplemental retirement benefit is calculated as the additional benefit that the participant would have received at retirement under the Corporation’s frozen Retirement Plan and the Twin Disc, Incorporated Retirement Savings Plan for Salaried Employees (“Salaried Plan”), but for the limitation on compensation used in determining benefits under those plans. In light of the fact that the Salaried Plan is a defined contribution plan with individual accounts, the SERP was amended on July 29, 2010, to restate the SERP benefits of Messrs. Batten and Bratel as individual accounts, with an opening account balance equal to the present value of their SERP benefits as of August 1, 2009. In addition to annual accruals based on the additional benefit that would be received under the Salaried Plan but for limits on compensation in that plan, the accounts of Messrs. Batten and Bratel will receive interest credits based on the annual rate on 30-year Treasury securities, with a minimum annual interest credit of three percent.

 

Any benefits payable under the SERP will automatically be paid in a two-payment deferred lump sum form, under which two equal payments will be made to the participant (or his surviving spouse or named beneficiary if the participant dies prior to all of the payments being made). The first payment will be made on the February 1 following the calendar year of retirement (or on the date that is six months after retirement, if later), and the second payment to be made on February 1 of the following year. The two payments shall be the actuarial equivalent of the annual benefit calculated under the single life annuity form.

 

If each of the two lump sum payments exceeds $500,000, each payment shall be limited to $500,000 with additional payments (also limited to $500,000 each) to be made on each subsequent February 1 until the balance is paid. If the commencement of benefits is based on the participant’s separation from service, the first payment will not be made sooner than six months after the participant’s separation.

 

47

 

 

Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control

 

The following information and tables set forth the amount of payments to each Named Executive Officer in the event of a termination of employment as a result of retirement, death, disability, termination for cause, voluntary termination prior to retirement, and involuntary termination (or resignation for good cause) following a change in control.

 

 

Normal or Early Retirement. For purposes of the following discussion, retirement means termination of employment after the Named Executive Officer reaches age 65, or after the Named Executive Officer reaches age 60 with 10 years of service, which is how retirement is defined in the SERP and the award agreement for performance stock. Named Executive Officers who participate in the Twin Disc, Incorporated Retirement Plan for Salaried Employees and the Twin Disc, Incorporated Retirement Savings Plan for Salaried Employees may also retire after 30 years of service at any age, or if their age plus service equals 85 points, but these definitions of retirement are not considered in the following discussion because they do not affect the amounts required to be disclosed in the tables below. Mr. Moore and Ms. Wilcox are the only Named Executive Officers who were eligible for retirement at the end of FY2018.

 

Medical benefits are only available to Twin Disc retirees hired before October 1, 2003 and who are not yet Medicare-eligible. Eligibility for retiree medical benefits ends upon reaching Medicare eligibility.

 

Restricted stock is forfeited if retirement occurs before the restrictions on such shares have ended.

 

Performance stock and performance stock units will be paid after the end of the relevant performance period, but only if the performance objective is achieved. The stock or units are prorated based on actual employment during the performance period.

 

Stock options must be exercised within 30 days of termination or they expire.

 

A Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (SERP) is available for several Named Executive Officers who qualify for a retirement benefit under the Corporation’s pension plans. Messrs. Batten and Bratel, and Ms. Wilcox are currently the only participants.

 

For those executives eligible for an endorsement split-dollar life insurance policy, the ownership of the life insurance will be transferred from the Corporation to the executive at the later of retirement or the 15th anniversary of the policy. At the time of transfer, the Corporation will recover its share of the total premiums paid throughout the life of the policy from the cash value or alternatively, receive direct reimbursement from the executive.

 

 

Death while Employed. In the event of death of a Named Executive Officer while actively employed, the executive’s estate would receive payment for any base salary earned, but not yet paid. In addition, any vacation accrual not used would also be paid to the estate.

 

Restricted stock vests and becomes payable per the terms of the individual grant agreement. The estate would receive the payment of shares.

 

Performance stock and performance stock units will immediately vest after the Employee’s termination of employment due to death and be paid as if the maximum performance target has been achieved. The stock or units are prorated based on actual employment during the performance period.

 

48

 

 

Options will fully vest and may pass to the estate, or as directed by a will, and must be exercised within one year from date of death.

 

 

Disability. In the event of termination of employment due to disability, a Named Executive Officer would receive benefits under the Corporation’s short-term and long-term disability plans, generally available to full-time salaried employees. Benefits are reduced for any social security or pension eligibility.

 

Restricted stock vests and becomes payable per the terms of the individual grant agreement.

 

Performance stock and performance stock units will immediately vest after the Employee’s termination of employment due to disability and are paid assuming the maximum performance target has been achieved. The stock or units are prorated based on actual employment during the performance period.

 

 

Termination for Cause. An executive is not eligible for any additional benefits at termination, unless the Compensation and Executive Development Committee would determine that severance payments are appropriate.

 

 

Voluntary Termination Prior to Retirement. An executive is not entitled to any additional forms of severance payments in the event of a voluntary termination, prior to becoming eligible for retirement.

 

 

Involuntary Termination (or Resignation for Good Cause) Following Change in Control. The Corporation has entered into Change in Control Severance Agreements with each of our Named Executive Officers. The versions of the agreements that were in effect on June 30, 2018 provide that, following a change in control of the Corporation (as defined in the agreement), if employment of the executive is terminated by the Corporation for any reason other than "Good Cause," or is terminated by the executive for "Good Reason" within 24 months after the change in control occurs, certain benefits would become payable. These include:

 

severance as a multiple of base salary and the greater of (1) the annual bonus awarded to the executive under the CIP for the fiscal year immediately preceding the fiscal year in which the date of termination occurs (or, if no annual bonus was received for such fiscal year, the average of the annual bonuses awarded to the executive under the CIP for the three years preceding the fiscal year in which the date of termination occurs) or (2) the executive’s target annual bonus under the CIP for the fiscal year in which the date of termination occurs,

 

twenty-four months of benefit continuation,

 

current value of all outstanding stock options,

 

restricted stock, and

 

performance stock and performance units immediately vest, and stock or cash is paid under the agreements as if the maximum performance objective was achieved. The cash payment shall be equal to the number of performance stock units granted to the employee multiplied by the fair market value of the Corporation’s common stock as of the effective date of such change in control.

 

49

 

 

The following tables show the amounts payable under different termination scenarios for each Named Executive Officer as if such scenario occurred on June 30, 2018, the last day of the Corporation’s most recent fiscal year:

 

John H. Batten

 

Termination Event

 

 

Base Salary

($)

   

 

Bonus

($)

   

(1)

Non-Equity

Incentive Plan

($)

   

Value of Accelerated

Restricted Stock,

Performance Stock

and Performance

Stock Units, and

Stock Options

($)

   

 

Other Benefits

($)

   

 

Total

($)

 

Normal Retirement prior to a Change in Control

 

Not Eligible on 6/30/18

   

Not Eligible on 6/30/18

   

Not Eligible on 6/30/18

   

Not Eligible on 6/30/18

   

Not Eligible on 6/30/18

   

Not Eligible on 6/30/18

 

Death

 

Paid through last day worked

      $0         $727,500        $3,652,983 (2)        $0        $4,380,483   

Disability

 

Paid through last day worked

      $0         $727,500        $3,652,983 (2)        $442,953 (3)        $4,823,436   

Termination for Cause

 

Paid through last day worked

      $0         $0 (4)        $0 (4)        $0        $0   

Termination Without Cause Prior to Retirement

 

Paid through last day worked

      $0         $0         $90,610 (5)        $0        $0   

Involuntary Termination or Resignation for Good Cause Following Change in Control

 

Paid through last day worked

      $0         $727,500        $4,546,677 (6)        $2,243,285 (7)        $7,517,462   

 

(1)

This value is the actual earned bonus under the Corporate Incentive Plan as of June 30, 2018. Executive must be actively employed at the time of bonus payment, or must have retired, become disabled, or died during the fiscal year, to receive the bonus payment.

(2)

Upon death or disability, performance awards immediately vest and the awards will be delivered pro-rata, based on the assumption that the maximum performance target was achieved. In addition, restricted shares become non-forfeitable. The amount in the table was calculated by adding together the value of the prorated maximum number of shares issuable under the performance stock awards (100% of the maximum shares issuable under the performance stock awards for the performance period ending June 30, 2018 (30,779 shares), plus 2/3rds of the maximum shares issuable under the performance stock awards for the performance period ending June 30, 2019 (33,496 shares), plus 1/3rd of the maximum shares issuable under the performance stock awards for the performance period ending June 30, 2020 (9,630 shares)). In addition, Mr. Batten has 20,519 shares of restricted stock that vest on July 31, 2018; 33,496 shares of restricted stock that vest on July, 28, 2019, and 19,259 shares of restricted stock that vest on August 2, 2020 if he remains employed with the Corporation through those dates, respectively. The values of performance shares and restricted shares were determined by using $24.82, the closing price of Twin Disc shares on June 29, 2018.

(3)

Of this amount, $250,000 is the value of six months of benefits beginning July 1, 2018 under the Corporation’s short-term disability program for salaried employees. Any benefits payable after six months are provided by a fully-insured disability carrier. The remainder of this amount is the June 30, 2018 value of Mr. Batten’s benefit under the Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (“SERP”), which vests and becomes payable upon reaching early or normal retirement age under the SERP, following termination of employment due to disability.

(4)

Employees terminated for cause are not eligible for performance awards. This assumes Mr. Batten was involuntarily terminated for cause on June 30, 2018.

(5)

This amount reflects the actual performance stock awards payable for the performance period ending June 30, 2018. These awards (3,973 shares) vested at 19.36% of the target grant amount, due to partial achievement of the targeted measures.

(6)

Upon involuntary termination without cause or resignation for good cause after a change in control, performance stock immediately vests, and stock is paid under the agreements as if the maximum performance objective was achieved. In addition, restricted stock becomes fully transferable. This amount represents the total of outstanding shares and units, which consists of restricted shares (73,274) and performance stock (109,912) valued at $24.82 (the closing price of Twin Disc shares on June 30, 2018.